Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 39.00970°N / 106.8608°W
Activities Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Skiing
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
Sign the Climber's Log

The Elk Mountains

It makes sense dividing the Elk Range into three regions, the famous Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness(Maroon Bells, Capitol Peak/Snowmass Mountain, and the Conundrum/Taylor River area), the Raggeds Wilderness (Chair Mountain, Ragged Mountain and the Treasure Mountain massif) and the West Elks Wilderness(the Beckwith’s, the Owens Mountain massif, West Elk massif and the Anthracite Range.) Combined, all three regions provide the perfect introduction into Colorado's spectacular backcountry.

The high mountains of Colorado’s Elk Range are among the finest peaks in the Rockies. With Wilderness designation, these protected mountains are rugged, steep and aesthetically pleasing. Crystal clear streams, pristine alpine lakes and lush green vegetation are common sights.

The scenic beauty of the Elk Range is mostly due to its unique geology. There are two very distinct geological types of rock that are clearly evident in the Elk Mountains, the tertiary intrusives, and the stratified sedimentary. The whitish, gray rock of the tertiary intrusives is responsible for the sweeping, skinny ridges that connect point-to-point, evident in Snowmass Mountain, The Beckwith’s, Capitol Peak and the Chair Mountain massif. Second, the stratified purplish-red, sedimentary rock of the Permian age, evidenced in mountains like Cathedral Peak, Teocalli Mountain, Pyramid Peak, Maroon Bells and "Willow Peak."

Over the years, the Elk Range has have remained in respectably good shape, however some of the northern trails are beginning to show some over-use. Thanks to the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness, we can visit large sections of mountainous terrain knowing not much has changed since early exploration.

Follow the Yellow Brick Road

Mountaineering in the Elks

The Elk Range has six fourteener’s and four centennial thirteeners. Indeed these mountains are some of Colorado’s most beautiful. However, beauty doesn’t necessarily translate into good climbing. The Elk Range has a reputation for loose and crumbling rock. Like most mountain ranges, some peaks are more dangerous than others; good routefinding skills are of paramount importance. Furthermore, most of the centennial peaks require top physical conditioning and good climbing skills. Only one of six fourteener’s has a walk-up route to the summit. In the Elks, the use of a rope can be more of a hindrance than a tool for safety. The potential for rock-fall is always nearby.

The combination of abundant snowfall and generally steep and narrow valleys, makes access to these mountains a serious obstacle during winter months. Many of the valley slopes are ribbed with dangerous avalanche paths, which limits winter mountaineering to only the most daring and adventurous souls.

If you choose to spend time hiking and climbing the Elks, expect a different experience every time out. The experiences here vary: mostly epic, but occasionally bad. So play it safe and everything will work out fine.

Star Peak & Taylor Peak

TOPO Monster Maps

First, The following Overview map is interactive. Second, you will need highspeed internet to utilize this feature; it may take a few seconds to download. The numbered quads correspond to the viewable areas on the Overview map. Once opened, the thumbnails are set up to expand to show level 5 TOPO detail. Expand the image by clicking on the "Expand to regular size" (original size)icon on the bottom right of the image.

Unnamed, Ranked Thirteeners of the Elks

An officiall USGS Topo of every unnamed, ranked thirteener in the Elk Mountain Range.

Click image to expand

Ranked Twelvers & Thirteeners of the Elk Range

An official USGS Topo of every hard ranked twelver and thirteener in the Elk Mountain Range. Level 4 detail. The Elk Range hosts 103 hard ranked peaks over 12,000-ft.

The yellow star indicates a twelver. A red star indicates a thirteener. Of course the fourteeners are in white.

Furthest north Twelver Mount Sopris.
Furthest south Twelver Middle Baldy.
Furthest east Twelver Chair Mountain.
Furthest west Twelver Matchless Mountain.

Click image to expand

Super Hikes

Conundrum E Maroon Half-Circle
East Maroon Valley-Conundrum Valley Half-Circle
·Conundrum TH or East Maroon TH
Car Shuttle:
Hiking Distance:
·RT-22 miles
Vertical Gain:
High Point:
·Triangle Pass at 12,900-ft
·Visit two stunning drainages
·Conundrum Hot Springs
·Triangle Pass & Copper Pass
·Interesting perspective of the Pyramid Peak massif

Fravert Loop
Fravert Basin Loop Hike
Fravert Basin Loop
·Maroon Lake TH
Car Shuttle:
Hiking Distance:
·RT 23.4 miles
Vertical Gain:
High Point:
·12,500-ft at West Maroon Pass
·Expansive views from four mountain passes
·The beauty of Fravert Basin
·Snowmass Lake and the surrounding peaks

Electric Pass Loop Hike
Electric Pass Loop Hike
Cathedral Lake to American Lake Half Circle
Car Shuttle:
·Yes, or hitchhike two miles back to car.
·Cathedral Lake TH or American Lake TH
Hiking Distance:
·RT 9.3 miles from TH to TH. 2.7 miles in-between TH’s.
Elevation Gain:
·3,800-ft TH to TH.
·Electric Pass at 13,370-ft
·Two beautiful Alpine Lakes
·Amazing views of Conundrum Valley, Cathedral Peak and other 14ers
·Route finding skills needed, much of the hike is off trail

The Wilderness

Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness

Maroon Creek Valley
The Maroon Creek Valley

In 1964, Congress recognized the obvious wilderness value of the Elk Mountains, and the Maroon Bells Snowmass wilderness was one of the original five Colorado wilderness areas designated by the Wilderness Act. The first piece of legislature encompassed only the most rugged core of the range. Later in 1980, it took the efforts of Aspen conservationists to expand the area to include such notable landmarks as Mount Sopris, Castle Peak, and the lower reaches of Conundrum Creek valley.

The Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness Area in central Colorado offers up some of the finest and most photographed scenery in Colorado. It is the granddaddy place to be in the Elk Range. For the casual visitor and photographer, the obvious area trophy peaks are the famous Maroon Bells and Pyramid Peak, both accessible by a non-wilderness, paved road to Maroon Lake. For certain, both massifs are well deserving of their respective accolades and recognition. For the more adventurous, a long hike to Snowmass Mountain or Capitol Peak will keep your eyes entertained for hours and hours.

While this area is heavily used during most of the year, venturing off the beaten path potentially allows for even more solitude than you may be looking for.

The West Elk Wilderness

West Elk Wilderness, Colorado

The West Elk Wilderness comprises a remote and mountainous area west of Gunnison Colorado. The West Elks encompasses 176,000 acres of Gunnison National Forest, making it the fifth largest wilderness in Colorado. This region resides south of Kebler Pass, which runs east from Paonia State Recreation to the tiny ski resort of Crested Butte, and south to the Curecanti National Recreation Area. The volcanic ridges and long valleys offer extensive hiking and climbing. Over 200 miles of constructed trails are available for both foot and horse travel through this sometimes-rugged terrain. Elevations within the Wilderness range from 7,000 to over 13,000 feet. Because the area lacks fourteeners, centennial thirteeners and numerous alpine lakes you will get the benefit of hiking alone and away from the typical recreational visitor.

From late September into early October, nothing beats the West Elks for fall color. Photographers, hikers and climbers are rewarded with a dazzling display of golden fall foliage. The nearby Curecanti Recreation Area and Uncompahgre Wilderness also share the same climate, a dry climate that varies greatly from day to night and provides minimal precipitation. During spring or summer, freezing morning temperatures quickly make room for afternoon warmer temps; it’s not uncommon to feel a 20-degree swing from the shadows to the sun. This cool and dry climate is perfect for aspen groves, russet Gamble’s oak, maroon-colored serviceberry and mountain mahogany. In addition, the climate works well for wildlife including elk, mule deer, black bear, bobcat, mountain lion, and coyote.

In addition to the great fall foliage, the West Elks are outlined with charming small towns like Crested Butte, Crawford, Hotchkiss, Paonia and Somerset. All of these tiny towns offer an extensive network of dirt roads that escort you into the heart of the Wilderness. These roads have a reputation for being rough, muddy and rutted-out, especially after any recent precipitation. Also, be aware of roaming cattle.

The Raggeds Wilderness

per Jon Bradford
Marcellina Mountain
Colorado's Ragged Wilderness

The Raggeds Wilderness is a unique and exciting country resplendent with rugged peaks, gothic cliffs, and colors that strain perceptions. This is the land where purple, maroon, grey, and shinning white rocks rise above alpine carpets of lush iridescent green and vast tracts of gigantic aspen. Reminescent of the landscape of the nearby Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, the Raggeds Wilderness offers a less crowded alternative. In spite of the similarities, the Raggeds are distinctive. Three geologically different sub-ranges of the mighty Elk Range compose the Raggeds Wilderness; and this topographic variety gives the region a distinctive flair. Amongst the mountain splendor are scenic showcases of geological wonder. Features like The Grand Dyke, Dark Canyon, and Oh-Be-Joyfull Basin delight the eye.

The Raggeds Wilderness was designated in 1980 and contains 65,019 protected acres. It is located 11 miles west of the town of Crested Butte. It is bounded on the east by Schofield Pass, on the south by Kebler Pass, on the west by Colorado Highway 133, and on the north by the Crystal River. Within these confines the Ragged Range occupies the northwestern part of the wilderness with soaring and appropriately ragged ridges of Tertiary intrusives. The highpoint of the Raggeds is Chair Mountain (12,721-ft). The eastern portion of the wilderness is occupied by the twin massif’s of Treasury Mountain (13,462-ft) and Treasure Mountain (13,528-ft). This huge dome of layered marine shale’s is sculpted with five majestic cirques that drop off the north east of the mountains. Treasure Mountain is the highest point within the Raggeds Wilderness. Herein I refer to the massif as The Treasures. The southeastern section of the wilderness contains the seven-mile long Ruby Range. This linear range of stratified Pennsylvanian aged sediments lives up to its name. From Purple Mountain near Yule Pass to Ruby Peak this line of summits stands as a colorful encore to the higher Maroon Bells to the east. The highpoint of the Ruby Range is 13,058 ft. Mount Owen.

Skiing the Elks

per Brian Kalet

Castle Peak AEast FaceExtreme, D14 (1-2)
Northeast RidgeIntermediate (1-2)
North Face CouloirAdvanced (1-2)
Northwest RidgeIntermediate (1-2)
From Conundrum Hot SpringsIntermediate (1)
From Cumberland BasinIntermediate (1)
South Maroon PeakEast FaceExtreme, IV D16 R3 (3)
Bell Cord CouloirExtreme, IV D14 R2 (3)
Original East CouloirExtreme, IV D11 R2 (3)
Alternate East Couloir? (3)
Southwest Face DirectExtreme (1)
Capitol PeakKnife RidgeExtreme, V D16 R4 (4)
East FaceExtreme, V D21 R5 (4)
Snowmass MountainFrom Snowmass LakeIntermediate (1)
West Face DirectExtreme, D12-14 (5)
Conundrum PeakSouth RidgeIntermediate (1)
Conundrum CouloirAdvanced, D9 (1-2)
Pyramid PeakEast FaceExtreme, IV D20 R4 (6)
North Maroon PeakNortheast RidgeExtreme, IV D16 R4 (7)
North Face DirectExtreme, IV D15 R3 (3)
Gunsight RidgeExtreme (1)
North Face & West Face ComboExtreme (1)
Cathedral Peak AEast FaceExtreme, D14 (2)
Lisa CouloirExtreme, S5 (8)
Pearl CouloirExtreme, S5- (8)
"Thunder Pyramid"West Face via White CouloirExtreme, D16-D19 (9-10)
East FaceExtreme, D19 (11)
"Lightning Pyramid"East FaceExtreme, D15 (12)
West FaceExtreme, D14 (13)
Electric Pass PeakSouth FaceExtreme, D10 (2)
Hayden PeakNorth FaceExtreme, S5- (2,8)
Treasure Mountain ANorthwest RidgeAdvanced, S4 (8)
West Face Advanced, S4+ (8)
West Face Direct Advanced, III D9 (2)
Treasure Mountain Couloirs Extreme, S5- (8)
Star PeakJune CouloirAdvanced, S4+ (8)
East Ridge Advanced, S3 (optional S5-) (8)
Pearl MountainNorth FaceAdvanced, S3+ (2,8)
Malamute PeakSouthwest RidgeAdvanced, S4-(8)
West Pearl MountainNorth FaceAdvanced, S4- (2,8)
Purple MountainSouth FaceAdvanced, D8 (2)
Mount SoprisNortheast RidgeAdvanced, S3+ (8)
Thomas Lakes BowlAdvanced, S3 (8)
Nettle Creek CirqueAdvanced, S3+ (8)
Crystal ChuteAdvanced, S5-, IV D9 R3 (8,11)
Augusta MountainSoutheast FaceAdvanced, D9 (2)
Greg Mace PeakNorth CouloirsExtreme, S4+ (2,8)
Mineral Point AWest RidgeAdvanced, D6 (2)
East Face?
Mount EmmonsRed Lady BowlAdvanced, II D8 (2,14)
Southeast RidgeIntermediate, II D5 (2,14)
West Side GullyIntermediate, II D5 (14)
Red Lady GladesIntermediate, II D5 (14)
Whitehouse MountainNorthwest FaceAdvanced, S4+ (2,8)
West FaceAdvanced, S4 (8)
Marble PeakEast BowlAdvanced, S3-, II D5 R1 (2,8,15-16)
Bears PointBoyfriend RidgeAdvanced, S3 (8)
Girlfriend GladeAdvanced, S3- (8)
Riley 1Advanced, S4 (8)
Riley 2Advanced, S3+ (2,8)
Riley 3Advanced, S3 (2,8)
Riley BowlAdvanced, S3+ (2,8)

S System
D System

1. Dawson's Guide to Colorado Fourteeners Vol. 1: The Northern Peaks
2. Personal observations
5., Chris Davenport, personal communication, October 29, 2008
8. Dawson's Guide to Colorado Backcountry Skiing, Volume 1
9. Matt Primomo, personal communication, May 15, 2008
10. Dave Bourassa, personal communication, April 3, 2007
11. Chris Davenport, personal communication, October 27, 2008
12. Dave Bourassa, personal communication, October 27, 2008
13. Matt Primomo, personal communication, October 27, 2008
14. Ed Fornataro, personal communication, April 11, 2007

Red Tape

Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness

There are no fees to enter or hike this wilderness. However, there are several Colorado wilderness areas that now require a free user permit to be in the wilderness, or shortly will require same. The wilderness areas are Holy Cross, Maroon Bells/Snowmass, Mount Evans, and Mount Massive. Permit tags are available at trailheads and are a two part tag. The white part goes in the box provided and the card portion is to be attached to the outside of your pack. There is currently no penalty if one does not have a permit. However, large fines could be levied within a few years for non-compliance. The preferred method now for dealing with violations is education of the users.

The reason for implementation of this required permit is the Forest Service has been unable to obtain accurate data on use patterns from the voluntary sign-in system. The estimated compliance range is currently 10-30%.

The hope is to obtain better data with this new method. While some may feel this is a precursor of some kind of quota system, the opposite is actually true. Accurate information on visitor use patterns will allow the forest service to attempt to evenly distribute impacts and encourage use of alternate trailheads for the same destinations. However, given the magnitude of the state's continuing population boom, folks should not be surprised if quotas in certain areas become a necessity.

Thanks to SP member mtnhiker13 for supplying this vital update via the Colorado Mountain Club's email service.

  • Maps: Maroon Bells, White River National Forest

  • Aspen Ranger District Office
    (970) 925-3445

  • USDA Forest Service
    White River
    National Forest
    P.O. Box 948
    Glenwood Springs CO 81602

    West Elk Wilderness & Raggeds Wilderness

    There are no fees to enter or hike this wilderness.

    For more information contact:
  • Paonia Ranger District, PO Box 1030, North Rio Grande Ave., Paonia, Co 81428 (970)527-4131
  • Gunnison Ranger District, 216 N. Colorado, Gunnison, Co 81230 (970)641-0471
  • Gunnison Ranger District, PO Box 89, Lake City, CO 81235 (970)641-0471
  • Additions and CorrectionsPost an Addition or Correction

    Viewing: 1-2 of 2

    miztflip - Mar 5, 2006 11:58 pm - Voted 10/10

    Fravert Basin Loop

    Hey Kane, just fyi, this is also called the more generic "Four Passes Loop" by trail runners and is considered to be among some of the most difficult and challenging of trail runs.


    ajberry - Feb 2, 2007 2:26 am - Voted 10/10

    Cathedral-American Lakes Loop

    It's possible to do a slight variant on the route suggested - one that allows you to take greater advantage of the fabulous views from the Cathedral-Hayden ridge. Start from the Cathedral Lake trailhead. From Electric Pass Peak, head N directly along the ridge towards Hayden Peak. There are a couple of slightly dodgy segments on the ridge - bad rock and considerable exposure on the Conundrum side - but it's easy enough to get over to Pt 13,540. Then drop down E along the shoulder before heading down to American Lake. Not once, and I've done the route 5 or 6 times, have I succeeded in hitching a lift along the road back the Cathedral Lk trailhead parking lot... Not the best of finishes to an excellent walk that starts and finishes among the summer crowds but boasts an exhilarating centerpiece.

    Viewing: 1-2 of 2



    Children refers to the set of objects that logically fall under a given object. For example, the Aconcagua mountain page is a child of the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits.' The Aconcagua mountain itself has many routes, photos, and trip reports as children.