Welcome to SP!  -
Ceahlău Massif
Area/Range

Ceahlău Massif

 
Ceahlău Massif

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Romania, Europe

Lat/Lon: 46.95439°N / 25.94531°E

Object Title: Ceahlău Massif

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Sport Climbing

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 6257 ft / 1907 m

 

Page By: LukZem

Created/Edited: Feb 25, 2015 / Aug 24, 2016

Object ID: 931117

Hits: 1452 

Page Score: 76.66%  - 7 Votes 

Vote: Log in to vote

 

Overview

Masivul Ceahlău Csalhó (HU)


Also nicknamed the Olympos of Moldova, the Ceahlău Massif is one of the most spectacular mountain units in the Eastern Carpathians. In the northwest, the Ceahlău is separated from the Bistriţa Mountains by the Bistricioara River. In the southwest, the valley of the Bistra Mare separates the massif from the Haşmaş Mountains, while to the southeast rise the Ţarcău Mountains. The eastern boundary is the shore of a large reservoir on the Bistriţa River (Lacul Bicaz, also known as Izvorul Muntelui), beyond which sit the Stânişoara Mountains.



The rocks of the Ceahlău were folded in such a way that the axes of the folds run north to south, and so does the main ridge. The highest, central part of the massif presents a plateau, which has been raised to 1800-1900 m and is about 5 km long and up to 1 km wide (in its central part). It resembles a suspended trough culminating in two highest summits: Ocolaşul Mare (1907 m) in the south and pyramid-shaped Toaca (1900 m), with a weather station on its top, at the plateau's north end. Ocolaşul Mare is surrounded by cliffs from three sides, except from the north. About 1 km south and east of Ocolaşul Mare extend lower bands of cliff, which are in fact taller and no less impressive than the cliffs marking the lofty edges of the central plateau. The cliffy walls of the Ceahlău contain a couple of characteristic ledges, marked by belts of coniferous trees that have managed to take roots there, Poliţa cu crini with its 30 m tall larches being a case in point.

The ledge with larches (1494m)
Poliţa cu Crini


The rock material building the Ceahlău is mostly conglomerate and limestone, so it is no wonder that the mountains resemble both the Bucegi Mountains, with their picturesque, towering cliffs, and the Ciucaş range, with its impressive towers and spires. The most emblematic rock tower of the Ceahlău is Panaghia, steeped in legend, like the other unusual rock formations in the massif.

Panaghia Rock (1776m)
Panaghia




Video by LukZem




The table below lists the highest as well as some other conspicuous summits and rock formations.

Summit
Elevation in Meters
a.s.l.
Photo
A few words about
Ocolaşul Mare
1907
The highest point of the Ceahlau's central plateau, surrounded by cliffs on three sides: W,S (Coloana Dorică) and E. 2 km S of Dochia hut. Unmarked path.
Toaca
1900
Conspicuous, pyramid-shaped peak with a weather station on its top. Situated 2 km N of Dochia hut. Red stripes.
Panaghia
1776
Distinct, massive tower situated half a kilometre NE of Toaca peak. Red striped traverse.
Piatra Lăcrimată
1765
Rock resembling a weeping human face. In the central part about 700 m WSW of Dochia hut. Red cross trail.
Turnul lui Butu
1728
Over 1 km SSE of Ocolaşul Mare. Its S face is a fine cliff. Blue cross traverse.
Piatra Ciobanului
1700
Cluster of limestone cliffs on W edge of central plateau, between Dochia hut and Toaca peak. Red striped traverse.
Ocolaşul Mic
1675
Spectacular limestone gallery. About 1 km SE of Ocolaşul Mare summit. Red stripe traverse.
Detunatele
1655
Two crags named Cetăţuia si Călugarii. In the central part, about half a kilometre E of Dochia hut. Blue stripes.
Clăile lui Miron
1635
Twin-peaked rock towers. About 1 km S of Ocolaşul Mare summit. Red stripe traverse.
Cuşma Dorobanţului
1600
Rock resembling an armed soldier with a cap. On the main ridge, about 1 km NNE of Toaca peak. Red stripe traverse.


Roaring falls
Tumbling falls


Apart from the crags, the Ceahlău Massif also boasts one of the most picturesque waterfalls in Romania, called Cascada Duruitoarea (Dörgö-vízesés in Hungarian). This monument of nature is about 25 m tall. The fall of water is divided into two tiers by a threshold. The height of the upper part is approximately 20 m, while the lower part measures about 5 m. There are wooden ladders enabling access over the exposed sections.

Rock Climbing

As the Ceahlău Massif is formed mostly of conglomerates, it offers relatively few rock climbing routes, most of which are to be found on more solid limestone. Some of those routes, for example on Panaghia, have pitons which were placed there several decades ago and are far from reliable. The most suitable for rock climbing are the cliffs of Ocolaşul Mic and Ocolaşul Mare, and also the following rocks/areas: Piatra Miresei (near the Dochia hut), Fundul Ghedeonului, Piatra Sură, Detunate, Piatra Ciobanului, Turnul lui Budu, Panaghia, Claia lui Miron and Turnul Sihastrului.

Sunlit wall
E face of Ocolaşul Mare

Maps & Books

 
Piatra Teiului (508 m)
Piatra Teiului

Online map

Paper map


Books

Getting There

Ceahlau Massif
Toaca (2nd highest summit) ahead



Access routesTrailhead atMarksDestinations
Topliţa - Grinţies - Durău (roads 15/155F)
Durău resort
red cross red stripe
Duruitoarea waterfall Cuşma Dorobantului, Panaghia, Toaca
Gheorgheni - Lacu Roşu - Bicaz canyon - Bicazu Ardelean (road 12C)
Bistra Neagra
blue stripe blue cross
Gardul Stănilelor,Piatra Lăcrămată Turnul lui Butu
Târgu Neamt - Petru Vodă - Poiana Largului - Durău (road 15B/155F)
Curmătura Lutul Roşu
blue stripe
Poliţa cu Crini, Detunatele
Piatra Neamt - Bicaz (road 15)
Cabana Izvorul Muntelui
red stripe
Clăile lui Miron, traverse of Ocolaşul Mic/Mare
Vatra Dornei - Bistriţa valley - Poiana Teiului (road 17B)
Cabana lui Falon
blue triangle
Dochia rock, Poarta Piatră

Accommodation

Durău resort offers plenty of accommodation facilities.
The Dochia hut is the most convenient option for hikers. It is situated in the middle of the central plateau, by the junction of the most frequented hiking trails (1750m). Its capacity is about 100 people.
 
Dochia hut (1750m)
Dochia hut


Camping & Red Tape

 
Campsite in the Ceahlau Massif
Campsite

The only designated campsite in the Ceahlău Massif is located at Piatra Lata din Ghedeon (1718m) about half a kilometre SE of the Dochia hut.
In 1955 Ceahlău National Park was established and the visitors must pay an entrance fee at one of the checkpoints, which are located at the Durău, Dochia and Izvorul Muntelui huts.
There are two strictly protected scientific reserves:

  • Ocolaşul Mare

  • Poliţa cu Crini

Weather & Mountain Rescue

 
Edelweiss
Edelweiss

Weather forecast for Toaca summit(1898m)

The national Salvamont dispatcher can be reached on 0-SALVAMONT or 0725-826668

Salvamont Neamt

External Links

 
Cuşma Dorobanţului - Ceahlău mountains
Cuşma Dorobanţului


Many thanks to yatsek who helped me write the Overview.

Images