IntroGladki Wierch, Hladky Stit, Glatter Berg, Sima-hegy 2065
In Five Polish Lakes' Valley
The lowest peak in the main High Tatra Mountain ridge ,culmination for Liptovske Kopy group ,situated on the Polish-Slovak borderline.
Wonderful location between gorgeous Dolina Pieciu Stawow Polskich (Five Polish Lakes’ Valley) and Dolina Cicha (Cicha ,Ticha Valley) makes the summit of Gladki Wierch wonderful vantage point especially towards tremendous ridge of Hruby Vrch(2428) ,heavenly pyramidal summit dome of Krivan(2496) – Slovak national symbolic mountain and ocean of peaks of Western Tatras with the highest one - Bystra(2248).
Though not the most prominent one Gladki remains very interesting target to climb especially when planning ascent on nearby Walentkowy Wierch(2156) or starting ridge tour over Five Polish Lakes’ Valley. Great ski touring area.
The name of the peak comes from local grassy slopes called “Gladkie” by sheperds what means when translating it into English: smooth, so Gladki Wierch = Smooth Peak …
In winter of 1929/1930 team of climatologists from Jagiellonian University in Cracow had a summit research station on the summit of Gladki Wierch.
No information about first ascent …(probably sheperds or huntsmen)
First known tourist ascent:
1902 – Teodor Eichenwald and Wojciech Tylka-Suleja
First winter ascent:
1912 – Jozef Grabowski and companions
Gladki Wierch (2065)
Ridge culmination between Gladka Przelecz Pass(1994) and Czarna Lawka Pass(1969).
It rises above the valleys of: Five Polish Lakes’(Polish side) ,Ticha and Koprova(Slovak side) and sends towards south-east a lateral ridge in which rise Liptovske Kopy peaks divided from Gladki by Zavory Pass(1876).
In good old days before II World War Zavory saddle had a great importance for all Tatra tourists because one of the most popular,historical trails from Zakopane to Morskie Oko lake led through that pass.
Gladka Pass is the easiest connection between northern Five Polish Lakes’ Valley and great Cicha and Koprowa Valleys on the southern side of Tatras, known for centuries …
In dark years of war Gladka Pass was often used by partisans and couriers and for many fugitives it was real “gate to freedom”.
In 1911 Maria Sklodowska-Curie was crossing the saddle.
Favourite animal migration trail: Bears (in spring), deers and lynxs.
First known tourist crossing the pass:
1827 – Albrecht Sydow and guide
First winter crossing:
1910 – Julia Zembatowa and Jozef Lesiecki (on skis)
Getting ThereFirst of all You have to get to Zakopane town on Polish side of Tatra Mountains – very good communication links with Cracow City and the rest of Poland.
There are numerous bus and train connections between Zakopane and Cracow City(100 km), where the nearest inernational airport is located.
PKS Cracow – Zakopane bus departures
PKP - Polish Railways connection search
PKS Zakopane - buses
Then You should get to Dolina Pieciu Stawow Polskich (Five Polish Lakes’ Valley).
There are a few possibilities of getting there like hiking from the town to Hala Gasienicowa and then climbing through high passes of Zawrat(2159) or Krzyzne(2112) (popular marked routes) being the enter to famous “Five” but the most common way of getting there is to take a bus from Zakopane to Palenica Bialczanska (the same as on the way to Morskie Oko) and start hiking from there altogether with road going to Morskie Oko lake but only to Wodogrzmoty Mickiewicza waterfalls after which You turn right into beautiful Dolina Roztoki Valley which will lead You to the threshold of Five Polish Lakes.
On Slovak side of Tatras You should get to the tourist center of Strbske Pleso and then to Podbanske at the entry to Ticha and Koprova valleys.
Routes OverwievThere are no marked routes to the summit of Gladki Wierch.
The only marked route (red marks) goes on the Slovak side reaching the saddle of Gladka Pass – from there about 10-15 minutes to the double summited peak.
From Five Polish Lakes’ Valley Gladka Pass is ascended by well seen serpentines of old trail from the eastern end of the valley near the shores of Zadni Staw Polski Lake (you go east from the chalet through the whole length of the valley by marked trail till it turns right and climbs Zawrat Pass, you continue straight to well seen grassy slopes under Gladka Pass and so on – “Five” Chalet – Gladki Wierch is about 1 ½ h in summer conditions.
Red TapeThere is Tatra National Park on both sides of the border – Polish TPN and Slovak TANAP
Watch out for Tatra National Park alpine climbing and hiking restrictions.
Stay always respectful to mountain nature!
On 21.12.2007 Slovakia along with Poland signed Schengen Agreement and accessed
to "open borders" Schengen Area, however one must remember that National Park regulations prohibiting crossing the border beside marked trails in the whole area
remain in force.
When To ClimbYou can climb/hike all year round.
Theoretically the best weather conditions: August – October
In June-July frequent t-storms.
In winter usually serious avalanche danger and dangerous cornices on Gladka Pass (2005: till early June)
March – May – the best ski touring season (depending on avalanche conditions)
CampingThe best base when planning climbs or hikes in the area of Five Polish Lakes’ Valley is definetely Five Polish Lakes Mountain Chalet situated upon shores of Przedni Staw(1669) (Front Lake). It is the highest located mountain chalet of Poland at the altitude of 1671 meters.
Exploring Gladki area from Slovak side may be a bit problematic because of serious distance from tourist centers.
The closest one is Podbanske -small ,quiet and calm place (about 16 km from Strbske Pleso) with rather little choice of accommodation possibilities and poor bus communication (it’s hard to get back to Strbske Pleso in the afternoon even in the summer season).
There is a huge 4 Star Hotel Permon in Podbanske .
Camping in Tatra National Park is strictly forbidden.
Mountain ConditionsSevere and changeable high mountain climate ,be always prepared for sudden weather breakdowns.
TOPR – Tatra Mountain Volunteer Rescue(Poland)
Rescue Phone Number: (+48) 601 100 300
Horska Sluzba – Tatra Mountain Rescue(Slovakia)
Rescue Phone Number: 18 300
TOPR – Daily Avalanche Forecast
Five Polish Lakes
Five Polish Lakes are : (from east to west)
Przedni Staw Polski(1669) - 7,72 hectares – 396 x 306 meters – 34,6 meter deep
Maly Staw Polski(1668) – 0,18 ha – 68 x 36 m – 2,1 m
Wielki Staw Polski(1665) – 34,35 ha – 998 x 452 m – 79,3 m
(The greatest lake in Tatras (according to J.Nyka) though competing for this title with Morskie Oko lake ,the longest one and the deepest)
Czarny Staw Polski(1722) – 12,65 ha – 618 x 296 m – 50,4 m
Zadni Staw Polski(1890) – 6,46 ha – 382 x 235 m – 31,6 m
There is also small Wole Oko pond south-east to the Zadni Staw .
- TANAP - Tatra National Park (Slovakia)
- Slovak Mountains - tourist info ,weather reports
- TPN - Tatra National Park(Poland)