Adamello Group

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Area/Range
Location:
Trentino-Lombardia, Italy, Europe
Elevation:
11660 ft / 3554 m
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Adamello Group
Created On: Feb 24, 2004
Last Edited On: Aug 15, 2018

Overview


Adamello Group

The Adamello Group is a mountain massif belonging to the Alpi Retiche Meridionali (Southern Rhaetian Alps), shared between the provinces of Brescia to the West and Trento to the East . From a geological point of view the group is mainly formed by intrusive volcanic rocks (diorite quarzifera called "tonalite" or "Adamello granite"). The group has an extensive glacial system with very impressive glaciers, so much so as to include some of the largest glaciers in the Alps, such as the Mandrone glacier. Other important glaciers are the Pian di Neve, the Lobbia glacier, the Adamello glacier, the Vedretta di Lares.  Like the majority of the alpine glaciers, all the Adamello glaciers have been going through a withdrawal phase for quite some time

The highest mountain is Adamello 3554 m, the main peak among several mountains inside the Adamello Natural Park, while the second highest peak of the group is Carè Alto 3463 m. The whole group of mountains around Monte Adamello take its name.  Adamello offers an aureole conformation, therefore from the central glaciers of the culminating plateau start mountainous crests and chains which, in their turn, are integrated in the subgroups of the Baitone, Frisozzo and Blumone. Peaks, crests, mountains dominate the complex of numerous valleys spread all over the Park, so as to divide the several chains.

Adamello Group Sunrise
Adamello Group Sunrise


The Val di Genova divides the Adamello Group from the adjacent Presanella Group. Together with the nearby Presanella group,  the Adamello group is a well-differentiated mountain chain within the Eastern Alps. In fact with their deep valleys, extensive glaciers and granite-like rock,  both groups have a completely different morphology from the nearby Dolomiti di Brenta and the Dolomites in general, The borders of the Adamello group are:

- Valcamonica,  the Western (from Lovere to Edolo) and Northern (from Edolo to Tonale pass) border of the group

- Le Giudicarie, the eastern border of the group ( from Ponte Caffaro to Pinzolo) 

To its south side the Adamello group doesn't have a definite border and can be considered as divided from Prealpi by the road of Passo di Croce Domini,  joining Breno (Val Camonica) with Bagolino and Lodrone (the starting point of Giudicarie)

Adamello Group annotated view seen from M. Guglielmo
Adamello Group annotated view seen from M. Guglielmo

Adamello main ridges, subgroups and ranges - starting from North:

  • Venerocolo (Veneroccal) - between the Tonale, Presena and Garibaldi passes
  • Adamello massif - the central hub - between the Garibaldi, Prudenzini and Adamello passes
  • Baitone subgroup - starting toward West from Passo Prudenzini
  • Miller chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamello toward south-west
  • Salarno chain - starting from Passo di Salarno toward south-west
  • Génova chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamè toward north till the Passo della Lobbia Bassa
  • Levade chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamè toward south - the long ridge ends, in its southern part with the subgroups of Re di Castello, Frisozzo, Tredenus and Blumone
  • Carè Alto group - the long easternmost ridge of the group - east of Passo della Lobbia - to the south, after the Passo di San Valentino, the ridge becomes the Breguzzo group


Main peaks

The main peaks of the Adamello group in order of height are:

Adamello 3539 -  Carè Alto 3463 


Corno Bianco 3427 -  Monte Fumo 3418 -  Corno di Cavento 3402 

 
Corno Miller 3373 - Crozzon di Lares 3354 - Punta del Venerocolo 3323 - Monte Folletto 3312 -  Monte Mandrone 3294 - Monte Venezia 3290 - Monte dei Frati 3284 - Corno dell’Adamè 3275 - Cima Garibaldi 3237 - Cima Calotta 3225


Corno di Bedole 3221 -  Lobbia Alta 3196 - Cima Plem 3179 - Corno Pian di Neve 3176 - Corni di Lago Scuro 3166  

Corni di Lago Scuro from Capanna Presena
Corni di Lago Scuro from Capanna Presena

Getting There

Adamello Natural park can be approached from Lombardia or Trentino Italian regions:

By car the Park can be reached using:

  • a) the state roads coming from Brescia and Bergamo; they combine near Darfo Boario Terme in to the only state road of the Mendola, which is near the western limits of the Park from Breno till the Tonale;
  • b) the state road coming from Valtellina to Edolo, through Aprica;
  • c) the state roads coming from Bolzano, through the road of the Mendola, and from Trento, through Cles and Malé, which reach the Park at Tonale Pass.

In order to know more about the Park's wonders, in all its amazing natural and environmental aspects, it's necessary to walk on foot inside it. In the last years, nearly all the natural roads and numerous paths have been brought into use with appropriate guiding signs to assist tourists; as for paths (a network of almost 1000 km), they are capable of satisfying any kind of need, from the simple family hike along tracks through the woods, to the thrilling and demanding alpine ascents at high altitudes, perhaps including the crossing of the legendary Pian di Neve.

Among the paths, one can be easily appreciated, that one indicated as Number 1 or "Adamello High Trail", about 50 km long, crossing the Park to its extent.
For an ascent in the high mountain territories, it is useful to be prepared with heavy clothes in case of unexpected bad weather (heavy boots, fleece clothing, soft shells, topographical map or GPS).

To reach refuge Bedole (the start for several trekking and climbs in the area) you have to reach Carisolo (situated at the middle of the road between Pinzolo and Madonna di Campiglio) and turn left when you look the signal "VAL GENOVA". The road is open in summer period and cost 5 euro. From Carisolo to refuge Bedole there are 11 km by car and 6 by free bus service (include in the 5 euro fee).



The World War I  (The White War)


Corno di Cavento summit signal
Italian and Austrian helmets on Corno di Cavento summit signal


During the First World War the western end of the italian-austrian front crossed two important and high mountain chains, Ortles-Cevedale and Adamello-Presanella. The two armies where forced to fight, for more than three and a half years, a typical alpine war, fought on rocks and glaciers often at altitudes above 3000 meters and in very difficult weather conditions.

Living at those heights was itself a problem for the soldiers: winter lasted eight months without interruption, there were copious snow falls starting from October till May and often the snow reached heights of several meters. The cold, an implacable daily enemy, varied in this period between -10° and -15° with night drops between -20° and -25° and lower. In this "white hell", italian and austrian soldiers, besides fighting each other, had to survive the extreme environmental conditions. Among such the implacable and deadly avalanches that, compared to the combat, caused more victims.
On the Adamello every action throughout the years, aimed mainly at unhinging, directly or not, the austrian caposaldo of Monticelli, so as to free the way through the Tonale Pass.

The austrians had arranged for trenchs and dug numerous caverns along the front line that connected the Monticelli to the eastern Tonale altitudes. Furthermore they had also occupied the Paradiso Pass, Castellaccio Pass and Lagoscuro Pass that dominated the plateau of Ponte di Legno.


Huts

Rifugio Collini al Bedole in...
Rifugio Collini al Bedole


Rifugio Adamello Collini "Al Bedole" (1.640 m)
38080 Strembo (Tn) - Val Genova - Italy
Telephone: +390465501405. Fax: +390465502325


Rifugio ai Caduti dell'Adamello / Rifugio Lobbia Alta completely renovated
Rifugio ai Caduti dell'Adamello


Rifugio Ai Caduti dell'Adamello
Located at 3040 m. of altitude near Lobbia Alta Pass between the glaciers of Mandrone and Lobbia. N° 90 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Martino Zani, tel. 0364/92655. Tel refuge 0465/52615.



Rifugio Aviolo - Val Paghera
Rifugio Aviolo - Val Paghera

Rifugio Aviolo
Situated near Lake Aviolo (1930 m).  60 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Simona Zani  - Hut phone 0364/76110



Rifugio Baita Adamè
Situated in Valle Adamè.  40 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the Associazione Gruppo Baita Adamè

Rifugio Città di Lissone  
Situated in Valle Adamé m. 2020. Located at the beginning of Adamé Valley, at the foot of the north wall of Corno di Grevo. It has 70 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI Lissone, tel. 069/461770. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Ferri Domenico (via Fontane, 39 - Saviore Valley - BS - tel. 0364/638232). Tel. refuge: 0364/638296.

Rif Tonolini and Corno di...
Rifugio Tonolini

Rifugio Tonolini
The refuge “Franco Tonolini” at Baitone, (2450m) is situated in the middle of the Baitone Basin near lake Rotondo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, 36 beds available. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Fabio Madeo. The refuge has a telephone 0364/71181


Rifugio Garibaldi
Situated on Venerocolo m 2550, at the foot of the North wall of the Adamello near lake Venerocolo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, with 100 beds in small and larger rooms. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Odoardo Ravizza -  Hut phone: 0364/906209.

Rifugio Maffeo Gheza
Refuge “Maffeo Gheza” in locality Foppe Alte di Braone (2087 m). N° 30 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the CAI of Lovere tel.0364/52674

Rifugio Maria e Franco
Refuge “Maria e Franco” at Dernal Pass (2574 m). Located at Passo Dernal, dominates the Valle Dois, one of the most characteristic valleys of the Parco Adamello. With 45 beds available offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Massussi Giacomo (Via Di Vittorio 29, 25019 Colombare di Sirmione tel 030/9196647). The refuge has a telephone 0364/634372.

The Prudenzini refuge.Il...
Rifugio Prudenzini

Rifugio Paolo Prudenzini
Refuge “Paolo Prudenzini” in Salarno Valley (2225 m). Located in the northern area of Salarno Valley. 86 beds available. Offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september. Winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Gelmini Marco (via Verdi, 35 - Ponte di Saviore dell'Adamello - BS tel. 0364/634261). Refuge tel. 0364/634578



Rifugio Serafino Gnutti
Refuge “Serafino Gnutti” at Miller (2166 m). Located at the Miller Valley, eastern of Malga Valley, near the homonym lake. 34 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Maria Domenica Madeo Fiorani (via Europa, 132 - Concesio - BS - tel. 030/2751226). Contact at Rino di Sonico tel. 0364/75107. The refuge has a telephone 0364/72241

Rifugio Tita Secchi
Refuge “Tita secchi” at Lake Vacca mt. 2367. Located at the foot of the southern wall of the Cornone di Blumone, near Lake Vacca, has 60 beds available. Offers hotel service from june to october; on request during the closing period, the refuge can be opened to groups. Winter bivouac, keys from the guardians of the dam. It is property of the U.Ugolini society of Brescia tel. 030/3753108. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Baccanelli Giacomo (via Fandrissa, 25040 - Niardo- BS tel. 0337/441650). Tel. Refuge 0365/903001.

Rifugio Carè Alto
Rifugio Carè Alto

Rifugio Carè Alto - Dante Ongari
Situation: East ridge of Carè Alto, on the side of Val Conca (Val di Borzago)
Open: from June 20th to September 20th
Size: 82 persons 
Winter-shelter: 8 persons
Owner: SAT Trento 
Guardian: Marco Bosetti and family
Refuge's phone: +39 348 4359097 - +39 340 2943731

Approach -  From Pelugo or from Borzago in Val Rendena drive up Val di Borzago. Parking lot Pian della Sega in Val di Borzago (m 1250). Here take the old mule track through the woods and follow it until the alp Coel di Pelugo 1440 m. (30 minutes) from where it starts the cable car to the refuge. Take the path SAT 213 rising along steep turns, reach a tibetan bridge on a stream (rio Bedù di Pelugo), cross it and rise to the plateau above, traverse left and walk up the large rocky step, getting to the refuge (3,30 hours from Pian della Sega, difference in level 1200 m). 

The Shelter Val di Fumo with...
Rifugio Val di Fumo

Rifugio Val di Fumo
Situation: Val di Fumo
Approach - From Praso follow the road to Val Daone (23 km) till Lago di Malga Bissina (car park) and then continue on foot along the path n. 240 to the refuge (1.30 hours). 



Bivouacs


The Adamello Group counts several bivouacs. Here a list of the main ones:

CAI Macherio 2590 m (Tredenus) - Gualtiero Laeng 3191 m (Passo di Cavento) - Giannantonj 3168 m (Passo di Salarno) - Eugenio Segalla 3050 m (Passo delle Vacche) - Zanon - Morelli 3149 m (Passo Brizio) -  Amici della Montagna-Faustinelli 3166 m (Corni di Lagoscuro) - Valerio Festa 2330 m (Passo Gallinera) - Ceco Baroni 2800 (Cima delle Levade), Ugolino Ugolini 3240 m (Passo dell'Adamello), Francesco Regosa 2958 m (Bocchetta della Calotta) - Capanna Mattia 2612 m (Cima Monoccola)

Red Tape



Logo of Parco Naturale Adamello - BrentaLogo of Parco Adamello

No fees no permits needed and no particular restriction in climbing and hiking. The Adamello Group is situated within Parco Naturale Adamello-Brenta, the largest protected area in Trentino, established in 1967. It's located in Western Trentino and with its 620.51 square kilometers includes the mountain groups of Adamello, Presanella and Brenta Dolomites, separated by Val Rendena. On the other side there is the Parco dell'Adamello, which extends for 510 square kilometers on the left orographic side of Valle Camonica, in the north-eastern portion of the Province of Brescia.
Camping is not allowed and fires are strictly forbidden.

Geologia, fauna, flora 

The shape of the mountains in the Adamello massif has been largely shaped, as well as by the erosion of atmospheric agents, by the action of the great glaciers. Unlike the other mountainous complexes of sedimentary origin belonging to the Eastern Alps, the type of rock found in the Adamello massif has an intrusive origin.  The crystalline and impermeable nature of the rocks and the presence of conspicuous glaciers produces abundance of springs and watercourses. The main types of magmatic rocks present are:

- quarzodiorites 

- granodiorites

- tonalities

In the Adamello group thanks to the wildness of the region there is a rich alpine fauna including also the brown bear. In the lower altitudes, between 600 and 1800 meters, the deer and the roe deer live on the edge of the mixed deciduous and coniferous forests, while the chamois live beyond the limits of the vegetation in a few flocks. Beyond the limit of the arboreal vegetation it is in fact possible to observe in addition to the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) also the ibex (Capra ibex). Due to the recent reintroduction, the Ibex is now also present inside the Adamello massif. Both the species,  as known, prefer the rocky ground. 

A suggestion to climb Adamello, the highest mountain of the group

Adamello glacier
Adamello glacier


FIRST DAY:

Refuge Bedole (1600 meters) to Ref. Mandrone (2480 m) - path n. 212, h 2,30 (E)
Then to Refuge Ai Caduti dell'Adamello - Lobbia Alta (3030 m) - h 3, last part on the glacier. Sleep here.

SECOND DAY:

From Refuge Ai Caduti dell'Adamello - Lobbia Alta (3030 m) to Monte Adamello (3554 m) - 5 hours.
Then to Refuge Mandrone (2480 m) and Refuge Bedole (1600 m) - 7 hours.

Meteo

Meteo Trentino

Meteo ARPA Lombardia

Guidebooks and maps

-Guidebooks

"Adamello" Vol. I - Pericle Sacchi  - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI

"Adamello" Vol. II - Pericle Sacchi - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI

Adamello GuidebookAdamello Guidebook

-Maps

"Adamello - Presanella" - Tabacco scala 1:25000 

"Adamello, Val di Fumo, Val di Genova" - Kompass n. 638 

"Adamello - Presanella" - 4LAND Alpine Cartography n. 138 1:25.000

External Links

- Sentiero numero 1 - Alta Via dell'Adamello