The Adamello Group is a mountain massif belonging to the Alpi Retiche Meridionali (Southern Rhaetian Alps), shared between the provinces of Brescia to the West and Trento to the East . From a geological point of view the group is mainly formed by intrusive volcanic rocks (diorite quarzifera called "tonalite" or "Adamello granite"). The group has an extensive glacial system with very impressive glaciers, so much so as to include some of the largest glaciers in the Alps, such as the Mandrone glacier. Other important glaciers are the Pian di Neve, the Lobbia glacier, the Adamello glacier, the Vedretta di Lares. Like the majority of the alpine glaciers, all the Adamello glaciers have been going through a withdrawal phase for quite some time.
The highest mountain is Adamello 3554 m, the main peak among several mountains inside the Adamello Natural Park, while the second highest peak of the group is Carè Alto 3463 m. The whole group of mountains around Monte Adamello take its name. Adamello offers an aureole conformation, therefore from the central glaciers of the culminating plateau start mountainous crests and chains which, in their turn, are integrated in the subgroups of the Baitone, Frisozzo and Blumone. Peaks, crests, mountains dominate the complex of numerous valleys spread all over the Park, so as to divide the several chains.
The Val di Genova divides the Adamello Group from the adjacent Presanella Group. Together with the nearby Presanella group, the Adamello group is a well-differentiated mountain chain within the Eastern Alps. In fact with their deep valleys, extensive glaciers and granite-like rock, both groups have a completely different morphology from the nearby Dolomiti di Brenta and the Dolomites in general.
The borders of the Adamello group are:
- Valcamonica, the Western (from Lovere to Edolo) and Northern (from Edolo to Tonale pass) border of the group
- Le Giudicarie, the eastern border of the group ( from Ponte Caffaro to Pinzolo) To its south side the Adamello group doesn't have a definite border and can be considered as divided from Prealpi by the road of Passo di Croce Domini, joining Breno (Val Camonica) with Bagolino and Lodrone (the starting point of Giudicarie).
Adamello main ridges, subgroups and ranges - starting from North:
The main peaks of the Adamello group in order of height are:
Corno Bianco 3427 - Monte Fumo 3418 - Corno di Cavento 3402
Corno Miller 3373 - Crozzon di Lares 3354 - Punta del Venerocolo 3323 - Monte Folletto 3312 - Monte Mandrone 3294 - Monte Venezia 3290 - Monte dei Frati 3284 - Corno dell’Adamè 3275 - Cima Garibaldi 3237 - Cima Calotta 3225
Corno di Bedole 3221 - Lobbia Alta 3196 - Cima Plem 3179 - Corno Pian di Neve 3176 - Corni di Lago Scuro 3166
Adamello Natural park can be approached from Lombardia or Trentino Italian regions:
By car the Park can be reached using:
In order to know more about the Park's wonders, in all its amazing natural and environmental aspects, it's necessary to walk on foot inside it. In the last years, nearly all the natural roads and numerous paths have been brought into use with appropriate guiding signs to assist tourists; as for paths (a network of almost 1000 km), they are capable of satisfying any kind of need, from the simple family hike along tracks through the woods, to the thrilling and demanding alpine ascents at high altitudes, perhaps including the crossing of the legendary Pian di Neve.
Among the paths, one can be easily appreciated, that one indicated as Number 1 or "Adamello High Trail", about 50 km long, crossing the Park to its extent. For an ascent in the high mountain territories, it is useful to be prepared with heavy clothes in case of unexpected bad weather (heavy boots, fleece clothing, soft shells, topographical map or GPS).
To reach refuge Bedole (the start for several trekking and climbs in the area) you have to reach Carisolo (situated at the middle of the road between Pinzolo and Madonna di Campiglio) and turn left when you look the signal "VAL GENOVA". The road is open in summer period and cost 5 euro. From Carisolo to refuge Bedole there are 11 km by car and 6 by free bus service (include in the 5 euro fee).
During the First World War the western end of the italian-austrian front crossed two important and high mountain chains, Ortles-Cevedale and Adamello-Presanella. The two armies where forced to fight, for more than three and a half years, a typical alpine war, fought on rocks and glaciers often at altitudes above 3000 meters and in very difficult weather conditions.
Living at those heights was itself a problem for the soldiers: winter lasted eight months without interruption, there were copious snow falls starting from October till May and often the snow reached heights of several meters. The cold, an implacable daily enemy, varied in this period between -10° and -15° with night drops between -20° and -25° and lower. In this "white hell", italian and austrian soldiers, besides fighting each other, had to survive the extreme environmental conditions. Among such the implacable and deadly avalanches that, compared to the combat, caused more victims. On the Adamello every action throughout the years, aimed mainly at unhinging, directly or not, the austrian caposaldo of Monticelli, so as to free the way through the Tonale Pass.
The austrians had arranged for trenchs and dug numerous caverns along the front line that connected the Monticelli to the eastern Tonale altitudes. Furthermore they had also occupied the Paradiso Pass, Castellaccio Pass and Lagoscuro Pass that dominated the plateau of Ponte di Legno.
Rifugio Adamello Collini "Al Bedole" (1.640 m) 38080 Strembo (Tn) - Val Genova - Italy Telephone: +390465501405. Fax: +390465502325
Rifugio Ai Caduti dell'Adamello Located at 3040 m. of altitude near Lobbia Alta Pass between the glaciers of Mandrone and Lobbia. N° 90 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Martino Zani, tel. 0364/92655. Tel refuge 0465/52615.
Rifugio Aviolo Situated near Lake Aviolo (1930 m). 60 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Simona Zani - Hut phone 0364/76110
Rifugio Baita Adamè Situated in Valle Adamè. 40 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the Associazione Gruppo Baita Adamè
Rifugio Città di Lissone Situated in Valle Adamé m. 2020. Located at the beginning of Adamé Valley, at the foot of the north wall of Corno di Grevo. It has 70 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI Lissone, tel. 069/461770. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Ferri Domenico (via Fontane, 39 - Saviore Valley - BS - tel. 0364/638232). Tel. refuge: 0364/638296.
Rifugio Tonolini The refuge “Franco Tonolini” at Baitone, (2450m) is situated in the middle of the Baitone Basin near lake Rotondo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, 36 beds available. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Fabio Madeo. The refuge has a telephone 0364/71181
Rifugio Garibaldi Situated on Venerocolo m 2550, at the foot of the North wall of the Adamello near lake Venerocolo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, with 100 beds in small and larger rooms. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Odoardo Ravizza - Hut phone: 0364/906209.
Rifugio Maffeo Gheza Refuge “Maffeo Gheza” in locality Foppe Alte di Braone (2087 m). N° 30 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the CAI of Lovere tel.0364/52674
Rifugio Maria e Franco Refuge “Maria e Franco” at Dernal Pass (2574 m). Located at Passo Dernal, dominates the Valle Dois, one of the most characteristic valleys of the Parco Adamello. With 45 beds available offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Massussi Giacomo (Via Di Vittorio 29, 25019 Colombare di Sirmione tel 030/9196647). The refuge has a telephone 0364/634372.
Rifugio Paolo Prudenzini Refuge “Paolo Prudenzini” in Salarno Valley (2225 m). Located in the northern area of Salarno Valley. 86 beds available. Offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september. Winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Gelmini Marco (via Verdi, 35 - Ponte di Saviore dell'Adamello - BS tel. 0364/634261). Refuge tel. 0364/634578
Rifugio Serafino Gnutti Refuge “Serafino Gnutti” at Miller (2166 m). Located at the Miller Valley, eastern of Malga Valley, near the homonym lake. 34 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Maria Domenica Madeo Fiorani (via Europa, 132 - Concesio - BS - tel. 030/2751226). Contact at Rino di Sonico tel. 0364/75107. The refuge has a telephone 0364/72241
Rifugio Tita Secchi Refuge “Tita secchi” at Lake Vacca mt. 2367. Located at the foot of the southern wall of the Cornone di Blumone, near Lake Vacca, has 60 beds available. Offers hotel service from june to october; on request during the closing period, the refuge can be opened to groups. Winter bivouac, keys from the guardians of the dam. It is property of the U.Ugolini society of Brescia tel. 030/3753108. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Baccanelli Giacomo (via Fandrissa, 25040 - Niardo- BS tel. 0337/441650). Tel. Refuge 0365/903001.
Rifugio Carè Alto - Dante Ongari Situation: East ridge of Carè Alto, on the side of Val Conca (Val di Borzago) Open: from June 20th to September 20th Size: 82 persons Winter-shelter: 8 persons Owner: SAT Trento Guardian: Marco Bosetti and family Refuge's phone: +39 348 4359097 - +39 340 2943731
Approach - From Pelugo or from Borzago in Val Rendena drive up Val di Borzago. Parking lot Pian della Sega in Val di Borzago (m 1250). Here take the old mule track through the woods and follow it until the alp Coel di Pelugo 1440 m. (30 minutes) from where it starts the cable car to the refuge. Take the path SAT 213 rising along steep turns, reach a tibetan bridge on a stream (rio Bedù di Pelugo), cross it and rise to the plateau above, traverse left and walk up the large rocky step, getting to the refuge (3,30 hours from Pian della Sega, difference in level 1200 m).
Rifugio Val di Fumo Situation: Val di Fumo Approach - From Praso follow the road to Val Daone (23 km) till Lago di Malga Bissina (car park) and then continue on foot along the path n. 240 to the refuge (1.30 hours).
The Adamello Group counts several bivouacs. Here a list of the main ones:
CAI Macherio 2590 m (Tredenus) - Gualtiero Laeng 3191 m (Passo di Cavento) - Giannantonj 3168 m (Passo di Salarno) - Eugenio Segalla 3050 m (Passo delle Vacche) - Zanon - Morelli 3149 m (Passo Brizio) - Amici della Montagna-Faustinelli 3166 m (Corni di Lagoscuro) - Valerio Festa 2330 m (Passo Gallinera) - Ceco Baroni 2800 (Cima delle Levade), Ugolino Ugolini 3240 m (Passo dell'Adamello), Francesco Regosa 2958 m (Bocchetta della Calotta) - Capanna Mattia 2612 m (Cima Monoccola)
The shape of the mountains in the Adamello massif has been largely shaped, as well as by the erosion of atmospheric agents, by the action of the great glaciers. Unlike the other mountainous complexes of sedimentary origin belonging to the Eastern Alps, the type of rock found in the Adamello massif has an intrusive origin. The crystalline and impermeable nature of the rocks and the presence of conspicuous glaciers produces abundance of springs and watercourses. The main types of magmatic rocks present are:
In the Adamello group thanks to the wildness of the region there is a rich alpine fauna including also the brown bear. In the lower altitudes, between 600 and 1800 meters, the deer and the roe deer live on the edge of the mixed deciduous and coniferous forests, while the chamois live beyond the limits of the vegetation in a few flocks. Beyond the limit of the arboreal vegetation it is in fact possible to observe in addition to the chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) also the ibex (Capra ibex). Due to the recent reintroduction, the Ibex is now also present inside the Adamello massif. Both the species, as known, prefer the rocky ground.
Refuge Bedole (1600 meters) to Ref. Mandrone (2480 m) - path n. 212, h 2,30 (E) Then to Refuge Ai Caduti dell'Adamello - Lobbia Alta (3030 m) - h 3, last part on the glacier. Sleep here.
From Refuge Ai Caduti dell'Adamello - Lobbia Alta (3030 m) to Monte Adamello (3554 m) - 5 hours. Then to Refuge Mandrone (2480 m) and Refuge Bedole (1600 m) - 7 hours.
"Adamello" Vol. I - Pericle Sacchi - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI
"Adamello" Vol. II - Pericle Sacchi - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI-TCI
"Adamello - Presanella" - Tabacco scala 1:25000
"Adamello, Val di Fumo, Val di Genova" - Kompass n. 638
"Adamello - Presanella" - 4LAND Alpine Cartography n. 138 1:25.000