Adamello Group from Cima Presanella (3558m)
- August 2005
Mount Adamello is the main peak among several mountains inside a natural park.
The group of mountains around it take its name ("Adamello Group"). Considered the largest glacier in Italy, Adamello offers an aureole conformation, therefore from the central glaciers of the culminating plateau start mountainous crests and chains which, in their turn, are integrated in the subgroups of the Baitone, Frisozzo and Blumone. Peaks, crests, mountains dominate the complex of numerous valleys spread all over the Park, so as to divide the several chains.
Genova valley divides the massif in two subgroups:
Adamello group borders:
- Adamello subgroup, with the main mountains Cima Adamello (3554 m) and Monte Caré Alto (3462 m);
- Presanella subgroup, with te main mountain Cima Presanella (3558 meters)
Adamello main ridges, subgroups and ranges - starting from north:
- Valcamonica the western (from Lovere to Edolo) and northern (from Edolo to Tonale pass) border of the group
- Le Giudicarie the eastern border of the group - from Ponte Caffaro to Pinzolo
to its south side the Adamello group doesn't have a definite border and can be considered as divided from Prealpi by the road of Passo di Croce Domini joining Breno (Val Camonica) with Bagolino and Lodrone (the starting point of Giudicarie)
- Venerocolo (Veneroccal) - between the Tonale, Presena and Garibaldi passes
- Adamello massif - the central hub - between the Garibaldi, Prudenzini and Adamello passes
- Baitone subgroup - starting toward West from Passo Prudenzini
- Miller chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamello toward south-west
- Salarno chain - starting from Passo di Salarno toward south-west
- Génova chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamè toward north till the Passo della Lobbia Bassa
- Levade chain - starting from Passo dell'Adamè toward south - the long ridge ends, in its southern part with the subgroups of Re di Castello, Frisozzo, Tredenus and Blumone
- Carè Alto group - the long easternmost ridge of the group - east of Passo della Lobbia - to the south, after the Passo di san Valentino, the ridge becomes the Breguzzo group
For the subgroup structure thanks to gabriele.roth
Main peaksThe main peaks of the Adamello group are, going clockwise from Adamello to Adamello (altitude expressed in meters):
Corno Bianco 3226
Corno Miller 3372
Cima Garibaldi 3233
Corno Pian di Neve 3176
Punta del Venerocolo 3300
Corno dell’Adamè 3275
Monte dei Frati 3284
Monte Fumo 3418
Monte Venezia 3290
Monte Carè Alto 3463
Monte Mandron 3281
Monte Folletto 3312
Corno di Bedole 3221
Crozzon di Lares 3354
Lobbia Alta 3196
Getting ThereAdamello Natural park can be approached from Lombardia or Trentino Italian regions:
By car, the Park can be reached using:
- a) the state roads coming from Brescia and Bergamo; they combine near Darfo Boario Terme in to the only state road of the Mendola, which is near the western limits of the Park from Breno till the Tonale;
- b) the state road coming from Valtellina to Edolo, through Aprica;
- c) the state roads coming from Bolzano, through the road of the Mendola, and from Trento, through Cles and Malé, which reach the Park at Tonale Pass.
In order to know more about the Park's wonders, in all its amazing naturalistic and environmental aspects, it's necessary to go on foot excursions inside it. In the last years, nearly all the natural roads and numerous paths have been brought into use with appropriate guiding signs to assist tourists; as for paths (a network of almost 1000 km), they are capable of satisfying any type of need, from the simple family excursion along tracks through the woods, to the thrilling and demanding alpine ascents at high altitudes, perhaps including the crossing of the legendary Pian di Neve.
Among the paths, one can be easily apprized, that indicating Number 1 or "Adamello High Trail"
, long about 50 km, crossing the Park to its extent.
For an excursion in the high mountain territories, it is useful to be prepared with heavy clothes in case of unexpected bad weather (heavy boots, fleece clothing, soft shells, topographical map or GPS).
To reach refuge Bedole (the start for several trekking and and climbings in the area) you have to reach Carisolo(situated at the middle of the way between Pinzolo and Madonna di Campiglio) and turn left when you look the signal "VAL GENOVA". The road is open in summer periodo and cost 5 euro. From Carisolo to refuge Bedole there are 11 km by car and 6 bu free bus service (include in the 5 euro fee).
The White War
In the course of the First World War the western end of the italian-austrian front crossed the two dominating groups of mountains, Ortles-Cevedale and Adamello-Presanella.
Therefore the two parts where forced to fight, for more than three and a half years, a typical alpine war, fought on rocks and glaciers at over 3000 meters of altitude, in very difficult weather conditions.
Living at those heights was itself a problem for the soldiers: winter lasted eight months without interruption, there were abundant snow falls from october to may and medium snow heights oscilated between 10 and 12 meters. The cold, an implacable daily enemy, varied in this period between -10° and -15° with night drops between -20° and -25° and lower. In this "white hell", italian and austrian soldiers, besides fighting each other, had to survive the extreme environmental conditions. Among such the implacable and deadly avalanches that, compared to the combat, caused more victims.
On the Adamello every action throughout the years, aimed mainly at unhinging, directly or not, the austrian caposaldo of Monticelli, so as to free the way through the Tonale Pass.
The austrians had arranged for trenchs and dug numerous caverns along the front line that connected the Monticelli to the eastern Tonale altitudes. Furthermore they had also occupied the Paradiso Pass, Castellaccio Pass and Lagoscuro Pass that dominated the plateau of Ponte di Legno.
Live data from Massimeno - Val Rendena - East sector of Adamello and Presanella Group
A suggestion to climb Mount Adamello...
Ref. Bedole (1600 meters) to Ref. Mandrone (2480 meters) PATH 212, h 2,30 (E)
Then to Ref. Ai Caduti dell'Adamello (Lobbia Alta, 3030 meters, h 3, last part on the glacier). Sleep here.
From Ref. Ai Caduti dell'Adamello (Lobbia Alta, 3030 meters) to Mount Adamello (3554 meters) - 5 hours.
Then to Ref. Mandrone (2480 meters) and Ref. Bedole (1600 meters) - 7 hours.
RefugesRifugio Adamello Collini "Al Bedole"
38080 Strembo (Tn) - Val Genova - Italy
Telephone: +390465501405. Fax: +390465502325
REFUGE “AI CADUTI DELL’ADAMELLO”
Located at 3040 m. of altitude near Lobbia Alta Pass between the glaciers of Mandrone and Lobbia. N° 90 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Martino Zani, tel. 0364/92655. Tel refuge 0465/52615.
Refuge Aviolo, at Lake Aviolo (1930 m). N° 60 beds available. The managing is entrusted to Giacomo Vidilini (tel. 0364/71065)
REFUGE BAITA ADAME´”
Refuge “Baita Adamè” in Adamè Valley (2107 m). N° 40 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the CAI of Cedegolo (tel. 0364/630139)
REFUGE ”CITTA’ DI LISSONE”
Refuge “Città di Lissone”, in Adamé Valley mt. 2020. Located at the beginning of Adamé Valley, at the foot of the north wall of Corno di Grevo. It has 70 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI Lissone, tel. 069/461770. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Ferri Domenico (via Fontane, 39 - Saviore Valley - BS - tel. 0364/638232). Tel. refuge: 0364/638296.
REFUGE “FRANCO TONOLINI”
Refuge “Franco Tonolini” at Baitone, (2450m). Rising at the center of the Baitone Basin near lake Rotondo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, 36 beds available. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Zanini Romeo (via S. Martino, 28 Manerbio - BS - tel. 030/9381894-9381989). The refuge has a telephone 0364/71181.
REFUGE “GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI”
Refuge Giuseppe Garibaldi at Venerocolo mt. 2550. Located at the foot of the north wall of the Adamello near lake Venerocolo. Carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, with 100 beds in small and larger rooms. Winter place always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Menici Carla and to the alpine guide Faustinelli Andrea (via 4 novembre, 13 - Ponte di Legno - BS - tel. 0364/91371). The refuge has a telephone 0364/906209.
REFUGE “MAFFEO GHEZA”
Refuge “Maffeo Gheza” in locality Foppe Alte di Braone (2087 m). N° 30 beds available. The managing is entrusted to the CAI of Lovere tel.0364/52674.
REFUGE REFUGE “MARIA E FRANCO”
Refuge “Maria e Franco” at Dernal Pass (2574 m). Located at Dernal Pass, dominates the Dois Valley, one of the most characteristic valleys of the Parco dell'Adamello. With 45 beds available offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Massussi Giacomo (Via Di Vittorio 29, 25019 Colombare di Sirmione tel 030/9196647). The refuge has a telephone 0364/634372.
REFUGE REFUGE “PAOLO PRUDENZINI”
Refuge “Paolo Prudenzini” in Salarno Valley (2225 m). Located in the northern area of Salarno Valley. 86 beds available. Offers hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september. Winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Gelmini Marco (via Verdi, 35 - Ponte di Saviore dell'Adamello - BS tel. 0364/634261). Refuge tel. 0364/634578.
REFUGE “SERAFINO GNUTTI”
Refuge “Serafino Gnutti” at Miller (2166 m). Located at the Miller Valley, eastern of Malga Valley, near the homonym lake. 34 beds available, carries out hotel service from the middle of june to the middle of september, winter bivouac always open. It is property of the CAI of Brescia, tel. 030/48426. The managing is entrusted to Maria Domenica Madeo Fiorani (via Europa, 132 - Concesio - BS - tel. 030/2751226). Contact at Rino di Sonico tel. 0364/75107. The refuge has a telephone 0364/72241.
REFUGE “TITA SECCHI”
Refuge “Tita secchi” at Lake Vacca mt. 2367. Located at the foot of the southern wall of the Cornone di Blumone, near Lake Vacca, has 60 beds available. Offers hotel service from june to october; on request during the closing period, the refuge can be opened to groups. Winter bivouac, keys from the guardians of the dam. It is property of the U.Ugolini society of Brescia tel. 030/3753108. The managing is entrusted to the alpine guide Baccanelli Giacomo (via Fandrissa, 25040 - Niardo- BS tel. 0337/441650). Tel. Refuge 0365/903001.