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Hăşmaş Mountains
Area/Range

Hăşmaş Mountains

 
Hăşmaş Mountains

Page Type: Area/Range

Location: Romania, Europe

Lat/Lon: 46.70390°N / 25.80434°E

Object Title: Hăşmaş Mountains

Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Sport Climbing

Season: Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Elevation: 5879 ft / 1792 m

 

Page By: LukZem

Created/Edited: Dec 26, 2013 / May 20, 2014

Object ID: 880914

Hits: 1192 

Page Score: 79.69%  - 12 Votes 

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Overview

Munţii Hăşmaş

Hagymás-hegység (HU)




The Hăşmaş Mountains (pronounced hash-mash) or Curmăturii Mts (Oancea, D. ș. a. – Geografia României, vol. III, ed. Academiei Republicii Socialiste România, București, 1987)are situated in the central part of the Eastern Carpathians. They cover an area of nearly 500 sq. km. On the north they are bounded by the Munţii Bistriţei/Besztercei-havasok. The eastern boundary of the Hăşmaş is delimited by two mountain groups: the Ceahlău/Csalhó in the north and the Munţii Tarcău/Tarkő-hegység in the south. To the south the Hăşmaş Mountains stretch as far as the Munţii Ciuc/Csíki-havasok. The western boundary follows the great River Olt, which has its source in the Hăşmaş Mountains and separates them from the Harghita/Hargita to the southwest and the Munţii Giurgeu/Gyergyói-havasok to the west. Although the area lies in the heart of Romania, it is inhabited (especially its western part) primarily by Hungarian-speaking Szeklers, whose ancestors settled here about a thousand years ago. For this reason, as far as the geographical names are concerned, I try to give both Romanian and Hungarian versions.






The foundation of the Hăşmaş Mountains is formed of metamorphic rocks from the Precambrian era, which generate rounded crests elevated up to 1500 m. However, it is not these ancient crystalline schists but Mesozoic limestones and dolomites covering the older rocks that make for the characteristic scenery of the mountains. The southern, highest chunk of the main ridge of the mountains (which runs from NNW to SSE) looks imposing when seen from the west, from the valley of the River Olt: A spectacular wall of white cliffs resembling the cliffs of the Piatra Craiului.


Hăşmaş Mountains


Hăşmaş massif
"Mini Piatra Craiului"

In contrast, the eastern slopes of the main ridge there are rather gentle and partly look like a plateau. These areas covered by mountain pastures such as Poiana Alba/Fehér-mező (White Glade) give a specific note to the landscape of the Hăşmaş. In some places where the main ridge has been heavily eroded, islands of the most resistant rock form fabulous towers and spires, such as Piatra Singuratică/Egyes-kő. In the north, the main ridge has more symmetrical sides and transitions to a chain of hills with fairly regular silhouettes.

Rocks of Bicaz gorges
Stitched panorama of the most magnificent crags of the Bicaz Gorges

The most outstanding rock towers as well as a magnificent canyon known as the Bicaz Gorge (considered the grandest canyon in Romania) are to be found in the northeastern part of the mountains, where karst landscapes with caves, dolines, sinkholes, defiles and waterfalls abound. This part of the Hăşmaş lets the hiker marvel at the most picturesque karst scenery in all of the Eastern Carpathians. A fun hiking route running along the rim of the cliff provides superb views of the twisting road 300m below, which crosses the Bicaz gorges, thus connecting Transylvania with Moldavia. One of the curiosities is Lacul Roşu/Gyilkos-tó (Red Lake) - Romania’s largest naturally dammed mountain lake, which came into being in 1837 as a result of a huge landslide. The tips of the broken trunks of spruce trees can still be seen projecting above the surface of the lake. 



Bicaz Gorges & Red Lake




The table below lists the highest summits and the most conspicuous crags.
Summit
Elevation in Meters
a.s.l.
Photo
A few words about
Hăşmaşul Mare
Nagy-Hagymás
1792
Great Hasmas, the highest mountain with a twin-peak top rising a few dozen metres above timberline. It has a craggy SW face called Bárány-havas and a wooded eastern side. Sits in the central part of the south stretch of the main ridge. The trail is marked with red stripes.
Hăghimaşul Negru
Fekete-Hagymás
1773
A forested summit sporting a rocky pyramid on its SW side. In the central part of the south stretch of the main ridge. A blue dot traverse plus an unmarked path to the top.
Ecem
Ecsém-tető
1707
Its western, craggy face is adorned with a huge rockslide called Devil's Mill (Moara Dracului/Ördögmalom). At the southernmost tip of the main ridge. Red stripes.
Piatra Singuratică
Egyes-kő
1608
Solitary Rock but in fact a picturesque cluster of limestone towers and needles. In the southern part of the main ridge, about 2 km SE of the Great Hasmas. On the red stripe trail running along the main ridge. Also, red triangles/blue stripes from the village of Bălan.
Suhardul Mic
Kis-Cohárd
1345
The dominant limestone wall towering 300 m over the nearby Red Lake. In the NE part of the mountains, outside the main ridge. A hiking trail marked with blue triangles and a rock climbing route named "Central Fissure" (Fisura Centrala, Középső-repedés).
Piatra Altarului
Oltár-kő
1148
The most magnificent solitary crag in the Bicaz Gorges – Altar Stone – towers 350 m above the bottom of the valley. Red triangles. Rock climbing routes: "Mountain Troops" UIAA V (Vânătorilor de Munte, Hegyivadászok útja) and the east ridge route (Creasta Estică, Keleti-gerinc).
Piatra Poienii
Mária-kő
1125
A kind of table mountain with almost vertical SE,W,NE walls offering awesome eagle eye views. In the NE part (Bicaz Gorges), outside the main ridge. A yellow triangle traverse plus unmarked paths to the lookouts. As for the climbing routes: "Virgin Route" (Fecioarei, Ficsúr útja).
Peretele Bardos
Bardócz-fal
1011
A vertical limestone wall with a zigzagging road at its foot. In the NE part (Bicaz Gorges), outside the main ridge. A yellow stripes traverse. Climbing routes: "Sentinel" (Santinela, Ör-torony útja), "Ceilings" (Tavanelor, Boltozatok).


The natural frame of the Hăşmaş Mountains with its varied geologic and geomorphologic elements, its microclimatic conditions determined by the exposure of slopes, enables the existence of rich and diverse flora and fauna. There are almost 1150 superior plant species, many of them of great scientific importance. Pure spruce forest dominates the landscape of the Hăşmaş. The forest is home to the big Carpathian mammals, such as brown bears, wolves, lynxes, red deer. In the 1970s the chamois was introduced. 

Suhardul-Licaşul ridge
Summer panorama of northern part of Hăşmaş Mountains

Rock Climbing

 
Is This DRACULA?
Rocky Dracula

With their towering walls, spires and needles, the Hăşmaş range makes for a rock climber's paradise, offering the highest number of the most difficult routes in Romania. Below is the list of the most attractive ones:


The high limestone cliffs providing hours of vertical entertainment, including multi-pitch challenges, will whet the appetite of any rock climber.

Hasmas ridge
Winter scenery of southern part of Hăşmaş range.

Maps & Books

 
Ghilcos stone  (1378m)
Ghilcos Rock over Red Lake

Online map

Paper map


Books

Getting There

 
Romantic scenery
The land of the Szekler people

Nearest airports:

  • Bacau (Access from the East)

  • Cluj-Napoca,Targu Mures (Access from the West)

  • Suceava (Access from the North)

  • Brasov (Access from the South)





Access routesBy carBy trainDestination
Bacau-Piatra Neamt-Bicaz
DN 15
509
Bicaz canyon (DN 12C)
Cluj-Napoca/Târgu Mureş-Gheorgheni
E 60, DN 13A/B
400
Bicaz canyon (DN 12C)
Suceava-Falticeni-Piatra Neamt-Bicaz
E 85, DN 15C
-
Bicaz canyon (DN 12C)
Braşov-Miercurea Ciuc-Sândominic-Izvoru Oltului/Bălan
E 578/DN 12, DN 125
400
Hăşmaş massif

Red Tape, Camping & Accommodation

Wild camping in the Hăşmaş Mountains is permitted only outside the territory of Bicaz Gorges - Hăşmaş Mountains National Park. Camping on the park territory is allowed only in designated places.

In 2010 a new wooden refuge was built at Poiana Alba (1500m). It is situated on the red stripe trail (on the main ridge) and can sleep about 8 hikers.
 
Mountain refuge at White glade
Refuge at Poiana Alba

 
The former Egyeskő hut
Old Piatra Singuratică Hut

Since 2011 the newly restored Piatra Singuratică Hut (Cabana Piatra Singuratică/Egyeskő menedékház), situated at 1504m at the foot of the monumental rock towers, likewise named,  offers comfortable accomodation (30 beds, heated sleeping rooms and a separate dinig room). The hut is now also equipped with solar collectors to prepare warm water. A bed costs 15 RON per night. You can pitch your tent by the hut too.
Unofficial webpage
Also, tiny twin-bedded chalets are situated near the "Small Zigzag" (Serpentina Mică/Kis-szerpentin - km 29) in the very heart of the Bicaz Canyon (Vila Marta).

Weather & Mountain Rescue


The national Salvamont (Romanian mountain rescue) dispatcher's phone number is 0-SALVAMONT (0725-826668)

Salvamont Harghita

Salvamont has no team inside the mountains. The nearest Salvamont station is located at Red Lake.

External Links

 
Karst corner
Karst corner



Special thanks to yatsek for co-editing the overview and proofreading.

Additions and Corrections

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dorucalinciobanuOfficial name

dorucalinciobanu

Hasn't voted

Please note that the official name of Hășmaș mts. is Curmăturii mts. (Oancea, D. ș. a. – Geografia României, vol. III, ed. Academiei Republicii Socialiste România, București, 1987).
Posted May 20, 2014 8:23 am
LukZemRe: Official name

LukZem

Hasn't voted

Thanks, I´ve submitted it...
Posted May 20, 2014 11:09 pm

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