Cima Avez 1895 m is a massive mountain belonging to the Prealpi Bresciane e Gardesane in the Cima Avez chain, a ridge running between Bocca Lorina and Passo Tremalzo and bounded by the Valle di S. Michele and Val Lorina. More precisely Cima Avez is situated between the Bocca di Selvareonda and Passo di Cap. To the West, in the direction of the Val Lorina (Trentino), the mountain shows large bastions of stratified limestone rocks, while in the side of the Valle Prà di Lavino the slopes are gently angled and easy. It is just here on this side where it passes the Normal route, completely free of technical difficulties, but interesting as it follows a broad gravel road mostly built by the italian army during the WWI. At that time this mountainous area was crossed by the border between the Kingdom of Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The route is known also by the mountain bikers and it is also well passable with snowshoes in winter when the snow is usually consistent.
Thanks to its border position, Cima Avez gives wonderful views of the Trentino and the Bresciano and Lago di Garda. Moreover the summit offers a broad and interesting panorama over the distant glaciers of Adamello with the magnificent Carè Alto just in front and Presanella to the NW. At a shorter distance we see several mountain belonging to Ledro Alps with Monte Cadria, the highest one, Monte Caplone and Cima Tombea. Further to the right we see the profiles of the Brenta Dolomites and closer to the north-east Corno della Marogna and Monte Tremalzo. It seems that the toponym Avez derives from the word of the local dialect "aves", meaning "silver fir".
The starting point for the ascent to Cima Avez is located at a road bend near Passo Tremalzo, an alpine pass at an altitude of 1684 m, connecting the Val di Ledro to the Lago di Garda. The pass can be reached from Riva del Garda through the Valle di Ledro or from Storo in the Giudicarie valley through the Ampola valley.
From the Brennero autoroute exit Rovereto Sud and take the road to Riva del Garda. From Riva del Garda we follow the state road that leads to Val di Ledro through two long tunnels. After the village of Biacesa the road reachs the Lago di Ledro near the village of Molina. The road runs along the Northern shore of the lake, reaching Pieve di Ledro, then Bezzecca, Tiarno di Sopra and Tiarno di Sotto. We are finally at a second smaller lake on the left of the road, the Lago d'Ampola, a protected biotope due to its particular flora and fauna. Immediately after we leave the main road, to turn left at the signpost "Passo Tremalzo". The concrete road rises with numerous hairpin bends reaching the Passo Tremalzo in about 10 kilometers and the Rifugio Garda 1702 m, located some hundred meters after the pass. Near the refuge, where the road is closed to the motor vehicles, on the right there is a large parking lot where to leave the car. Alternatively we can park the car in a small place near the road bend with signposts where it starts the trail, just before reaching the refuge Garda.
Cima Avez from Passo Tremalzo
Summit quote: 1897 m
Difference in level: 250 m from the refuge
An easy but fine itinerary in a fantastic environment practicable even during the winter with snowshoes and known also by mountain bikers.
Near to the SAT signposts at the road bend on Passo Crocetta take a slightly uphill road in the forest (path n. 444), which at the beginning is an asphalt road, located on the right (on the left if coming from the Refuge Garda). The road enters a thick fir forest and soon reaches two buildings located on either side. It becomes a gravel track, crossing a large grassy area with a wooden observation tower just before the Passo del Dil. The route continues reaching the broad saddle of Passo del Dil 1724 m, where it is located the region border, passing from Trentino to Lombardy. From the little marked pass the former military road rises with moderate gradient below the summit ridge, dominating deep valleys on the left and cutting on the right the Southern slopes of Monte Lavino, a long crest covered with dwarf pines located between Passo del Dil and Passo del Cap. In front of us, it appears the view of the beautiful pair formed by Monte Caplone and Cima Tombea, the highest peaks within the Parco dell'Alto Garda Bresciano. The itinerary proceeds cutting the slope where it is possible to observe some artificial caves dating back to the period of the WWI.
After skirting Monte Lavino, continue along the gravel road reaching the Passo di Cap 1800 m, a broad grassy shelf between Monte Lavino and Cima Avez. In the vicinity of Passo del Cap the route changes direction and before starting to go down the gravel road reaches a fork. Here the main trail starts to descend to the Malga Pra di Lavino. Ignore it and turn to the right to walk up the moderate slope of the eastern side of Cima Avez, covered by a sparse coniferous forest. There are no signposts at this fork, anyhow there is no possibility of error. Infact the military gravel road is easily identifiable and starts to rise up with some hairpin bends. About halfway along the route, on the left are some magnificent limestone outcrops, deeply engraved by the erosive action of water.
This is the karst phenomenon of the so-called "Campi solcati", a form of superficial karst. Arriving near the summit the wide mule track suddenly ends and on a small path we reach the summit ridge and the summit signal on a broad plateau in a few tens of meters to observe the breathtaking panorama, surprising above all on the glaciers of the Adamello and Presanella groups towards the West.
Descent: reversing the same itinerary
No fees no permits required.
T - Turistico (Tourist): Itineraries on wide, clear and well worn paths, sometimes on mule tracks or gravel roads. The routes are never exposed, don't give any orientation problems and don't exceed 2500 meters of altitude. Suitable also for children.
E - Escursionisti (Hikers): Itineraries on marked trails, even narrow and with possible steep and impervious sections. They are never exposed and don't give any orientation problems. They can tread different kinds of ground, such as forests, gravel, meadows, pastures, easy rocks, etc.). They form the majority of the trails that wind up in the mountains and require a certain habit to walk; you need equipment suitable for the altitude and resistant footwear with soles suitable for rough terrain.
EE - Escursionisti Esperti (Experienced Hikers): Itineraries for hikers with experience and good knowledge of the mountain. Some of these paths may have exposed sections, however brief, which require firm foot and no dizziness. They require the ability to adapt to particular terrain, such as steep grassy slopes or stretches of rocks with difficulties that can reach the 1st degree of the UIAA scale. They can also reach high altitudes (3000 m or more). Sometimes they may include unmarked sections, requiring a good sense of orientation. Snow slopes are possible, however which can be overcome without specific mountaineering gear (rope, harness, crampons, ice-axe).
EEA - Escursionisti Esperti con Attrezzatura (Experienced Hikers with equipment - The same as EE, in addition these routes require the use of via ferrata equipment (lanyards, harness, carabiners, heat sink, helmet). This kind of itineraries range from the trails with short easy and not much exposed sections, previously equipped with fixed ropes and iron pegs, to the true and more difficult Via Ferratas climbing on rocky walls or on aerial ridges and ledges, previously equipped with long stretches of iron ropes, iron steps, ladders without which proceeding would constitute a real climbing. It is necessary to know how to use the technical equipment and have a certain habit of exposure and mountaineering terrains.
Cima Avez is included inside the Parco Alto Garda Bresciano. From the botanical point of view the area of Tremalzo is famous for being a place of biodiversity, due to the presence of numerous endemisms, plants that are found only here and nowhere else. An example is the "Silene elisabethae", an endemic plant that grows between the limestone and dolomitic rocks of Tremalzo: the best period to observe this flower is between August and September.
The slopes in the vicinity of Cima Avez are very rich in a very widespread and easily observable flower, the "Christmas Rose" or "Helleborus Niger", a species very present in the Tremalzo area and in all the Prealpi Bresciane e Gardesane. This flower has the particularity of blooming in winter, in December, hence the name "Christmas Rose". The beautiful blooming with large white flowers, sometimes with intense pink shades, lasts until the beginning of Spring.
All year round.
This area is a primary touristic destination, offering several hotels, agriturismo, bed and breakfast, renting rooms and apartments. In the vicinity of Passo Tremalzo there are two shelters:
the Rifugio Garda and the Rifugio Garibaldi.
"Prealpi Bresciane" - Fausto Camerini - Collana Guide dei Monti d'Italia CAI - TCI