Imperial versus Metric
Canada was on target to be officially Metric in 1975, but ongoing politically pressure delayed and ultimately stopped the complete set of all laws and regulations going metric. Despite a few minor regulations still being in Imperial measures, Canada is now essentially a fully metric country.
I grew up being taught both Imperial and Metric measurement systems. When I started climbing about 20 years ago, most of my mentors and climbing partners used feet for mountaineering descriptions. Today, most of my climbing buddies are younger than me and exclusively use metres. In the end I created two lists for Kananaskis Country (10,000+ foot summits and 3000+ metre summits) to accommodate both perspectives on the tallest mountains in Kananaskis.
Kananaskis 10,000+ ’ers
|1||Mount Joffre||3450||11,319||530||1739||Joffre Group|
|2||Mount Sir Douglas||3406||11,174||446||1463||Spray|
|5||Mount Petain||3196||10,486||316||1037||Joffre Group|
|7||Mount Foch||3194||10,479||234||768||Joffre Group|
|9||Mount Sarrail||3174||10,413||214||702||Joffre Group|
|17||”Old Goat Mountain”||3100||10,170||460||1509||Goat|
|18||Tornado Mountain *||3099||10,167||447||1467||High Rock|
|23||Mount Mangin||3057||10,030||177||581||Joffre Group|
* Tornado Mountain is technically outside of Kananaskis Country, but is within the High Rock Range. The Kananaskis Country southern boundary heads east from the Continental Divide and only includes the top northern third of the High Rock Range. I included Tornado since it is such an interesting peak. Tornado Mountain is the first summit to exceed 10,000 feet (3048m) in the Rocky Mountains north of the 49th parallel (USA border). The notable Mount Washburn 3039m (9,971 ft.) is more southerly, and the first to exceed 3000 metres, but less than the fabled 10,000 foot level and entirely in British Columbia, no where near Kananaskis Country. The next summit north of the 49th to exceed 10,000 feet is only slightly more north than Tornado, but entirely in British Columbia, Mount Mike 3300m (10,827 ft.); the next tall K-country peak north of Tornado is all the way north to Mist Mountain (3140m (10,302 ft.).
Kananaskis Country is multi-use region just west of Calgary, south of Canmore, regulated by the Province of Alberta, with the primary use being recreation. Kananaskis Country has legally defined boundaries, mostly defined by compilation of provincial parks, provincial recreation areas and other designations. Generally, the region is south of the Trans-Canada Highway in the Bow River valley, south of the Town of Canmore, from the Continental Divide to the foothills, south to Highwood River drainage.
The region includes eleven official mountain subranges/groups, but there is some overlap between ranges and groups; the Joffre Group (French Military Group), the Spray Range (British Military Group), the Kananaskis Range, the Goat Range, the Opal Range, the Fisher Range, the Misty Range, the Elk Range, the Highwood Range, the High Rock Range and the Livingstone Range. There are only two summits over 11,000 feet (3353 metres) and 22 officially named summits over 10,000 feet (3048 metres); this excludes Tornado Mountain.