Borzhava

Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 48.62198°N / 23.19060°E
Activities Activities: Hiking, Skiing
Additional Information Elevation: 5515 ft / 1681 m
Sign the Climber's Log

Overview

Полонина Боржава   Borzsa-havas (HU)   Polonina Boržava (ČS)   Połonina Borżawa/Borżawska (PL)


Borzhava is a model of a 'polonyna', i.e. a mountain range in the Northeastern Carpathians that features a vast subalpine pasture (also called 'polonyna') located above timberline, or rather at where the natural timberline ran, as it has usually been considerably lowered by man. The range is almost 50 km long, stretches between the Vicha and Rika rivers and is divided into three segments.

MassifPhotoLocation/DelimitationLength/ElevationCharacteristics
Polonyna Borzhava
Western/Tsitska-Prislip Pass
25 km/1692-1209 m
Rolling summits, vast patches of berries, virtually no sheepfolds
Polonyna Kuk
Central/Kamianka-Volosianka
8 km/1361 m
Distinct massif rarely visited as there are no waymarked routes
Palenyi Grun
Eastern/Korytyshche-Vala-Techera
15 km/1162-945 m
Remote ridge with romantic glades enwrapped in pristine beech woodland, no signs of human activity except the only sheepfold under the summit of Skalia
 

The cross profile of the main ridge is asymmetric and the contrast between the northern (shorter and steeper) slopes and the southern (longer and moderate) ones is remarkable. Perhaps the best ski slopes in Transcarpathia are to be found in the northwest, on the outskirts of Pylypets resort. In the warmer seasons one of the main attractions is a 14 m tall waterfall called Shypit (literally cascade), declared a monument of nature. It is accessible via yellow stripes from Pylypets.

Shypit waterfallShypit falls
 
 
The table below lists most of the major summits of the Borzhava.
Summit
Elevation in Meters
Photo
A few words about
Stiy
1681
The highest summit and No.5 in the so called Crown of the Beskids. Its steep NE face was chiseled by a Pleistocene glacier. On its summit used to be a radar station monitoring a vast area to the west during WWII. In 1995 it was demolished. Nowadays the ruins of its reinforced concrete base can be seen. The peak stands on the lateral ridge heading SW, about 4 km off the main ridge. Blue stripes from Vovchyi or green stripes from Bereznyky.
Velykyi Verkh
1598
The highest summit on the main ridge. It is a junction of the lateral ridges trending SW (Stiy) and NE (Riapetska). In the center of Polonyna Borzhava proper. Red/blue stripes.
Magura-Zhyde
1516
Rounded summit covered by blueberries. In the eastern part of the main ridge of Polonyna Borzhava. The red stripe main ridge trail or green stripes from Izky.
Hymba
1491
Dome shaped massif with a large, avalanche prone nival niche on its northern side. It stands in the central part of the main ridge, between Velykyi Verkh and Magura Zhyde summits. The red stripe main ridge trail or blue stripes from Pylypets resort.
Hrab
1378
Springs on its north and south sides (traverse). The slopes of the mountain are covered by pristine beech woodland with admixture of fir and spruce trees. In the eastern part of the main ridge of Polonyna Borzhava. The red stripe main ridge trail or yellow stripes from the valley of the Borzhava river.
Kuk
1361
Distinctive grassy peak with a steep, hardly accessible SE slope. The highpoint of a namesake polonyna in the central stretch of its main ridge. Accessible via an unmarked path.
Temnatyk
1343
First conspicuous summit in the westernmost tip of Borzhava. The W and E sides are covered by pristine beech woodland (a namesake preserve) while S slopes are part of Potik Osa reserve. It is reached by the red stripe main ridge trail.
Plai
1323
Easily distinguishable summit thanks to a weather station on its top. In the western part of the main ridge. The red stripe main ridge trail, yellow stripes from Volovets.

Getting There

Signpost near Plai summit (south)Signpost
 
 
In contrast to the other polonynas in Transcarpathia, it is possible to take a day round-trip thanks to the proximity of mountain resorts. Trailheads for particular hiking destinations are tabulated below.
 
Access routeTrailhead atTimes of walk up (hr:min)Distance (km)Elevation gain (m)MarksDestinations
Mukachevo-Volovets
Volovets railroad station
3:00/3:30
6/8
850/800
red stripe/yellow stripe
Temnatyk/Plai
Volovets-Pylypets
Pylypets
3/2:30
7/5
1000/900
green stripe/blue stripe
Velykyi Verkh/Hymba
Khust - Mizhgiria
Mizhgiria
4
9
650
red stripe
Kuk
 Khust - Nizhnyi Bystryi Shyroke 2:30 6 600 yellow stripe Palenyi Hrun

Camping &Red Tape

It is possible to pitch a tent anywhere on the main ridge of the Borzhava. There are some preferred campsites with good sources of water, e.g. the saddle between Kychera and Kruhla summits, glade below Pryslip peak, tiny tarn near Kamianka massif or Polonyna Kuk.
 
Campsite in the saddle between Kychera and Kruhla summitsCAMPSITE IN THE SADDLE BETWEEN KYCHERA AND KRUHLA SUMMITS
 
 
The table below lists protected areas.
 
NamePhotoEstablished (year)Area (ha)Elevation (m)LocationCharacteristics
Temnatyk
2009
1215
400-1200
E and W hillsides of namesake massif+SE slope of Boziovo summit
pristine beech woodland
Potik Osa
1998
500
350/1100
S faces of Plai and Temnatyk summits+W side of Velykyi Verkh massif
faunistic preserve
Rosishnyi
1974
461
600-1200
W slope of Stiy summit+N face of Zeneva peak
valuable phytocoenoses of primeval origin

Maps

 
64 years old trekker with 30 kg backpackMoravian guy with paper map of Borzhava

Weather & Rescue Service

Weather for Pylypets resort 
Pryslip passPryslip pass

Mountain rescue service
Name of MRSAddressTelefon/e-mailMobile phone
Transcarpathian
Uzhorod, Verescahina 18, 88006
+38 (03132) 671 413 zak.resque@tn.uz.ua
+38 (03132) 66 07 01
Mukachevo
 
+38 (099) 780 81 92
 
Mizhgiria
Shevchenka 16/12, 90000
+38 (03146) 223 45
+38 (097) 847 6041
Nyzhni Vorota
 
+38 (050) 273 76 45
 
Duty officer of Ministry of Emergency - (+38 0321) 660 701, 660 114 or (+38 0442) 473 103 Emergency numbers of rescue services - 101 (only from UA operators)

Video

By LukZem