|Полонина Боржава Borzsa-havas (HU) Polonina Boržava (ČS) Połonina Borżawa/Borżawska (PL)|
Borzhava is a model of a 'polonyna', i.e. a mountain range in the Northeastern Carpathians that features a vast subalpine pasture (also called 'polonyna') located above timberline, or rather at where the natural timberline ran, as it has usually been considerably lowered by man. The range is almost 50 km long, stretches between the Vicha and Rika rivers and is divided into three segments.
|Polonyna Borzhava|| ||Western/Tsitska-Prislip Pass||25 km/1692-1209 m||Rolling summits, vast patches of berries, virtually no sheepfolds|
|Polonyna Kuk|| ||Central/Kamianka-Volosianka||8 km/1361 m||Distinct massif rarely visited as there are no waymarked routes|
|Palenyi Grun|| ||Eastern/Korytyshche-Vala-Techera||15 km/1162-945 m||Remote ridge with romantic glades enwrapped in pristine beech woodland, no signs of human activity except the only sheepfold under the summit of Skalia|
The cross profile of the main ridge is asymmetric and the contrast between the northern (shorter and steeper) slopes and the southern (longer and moderate) ones is remarkable. Perhaps the best ski slopes in Transcarpathia are to be found in the northwest, on the outskirts of Pylypets resort. In the warmer seasons one of the main attractions is a 14 m tall waterfall called Shypit (literally cascade), declared a monument of nature. It is accessible via yellow stripes from Pylypets.
The table below lists most of the major summits of the Borzhava.
|Summit||Elevation in Meters
||Photo||A few words about|
|Stiy||1681|| ||The highest summit and No.5 in the so called Crown of the Beskids. Its steep NE face was chiseled by a Pleistocene glacier. On its summit used to be a radar station monitoring a vast area to the west during WWII. In 1995 it was demolished. Nowadays the ruins of its reinforced concrete base can be seen. The peak stands on the lateral ridge heading SW, about 4 km off the main ridge. Blue stripes from Vovchyi or green stripes from Bereznyky.|
|Velykyi Verkh||1598|| ||The highest summit on the main ridge. It is a junction of the lateral ridges trending SW (Stiy) and NE (Riapetska). In the center of Polonyna Borzhava proper. Red/blue stripes.|
|Magura-Zhyde||1516||Rounded summit covered by blueberries. In the eastern part of the main ridge of Polonyna Borzhava. The red stripe main ridge trail or green stripes from Izky.|
|Hymba||1491|| ||Dome shaped massif with a large, avalanche prone nival niche on its northern side. It stands in the central part of the main ridge, between Velykyi Verkh and Magura Zhyde summits. The red stripe main ridge trail or blue stripes from Pylypets resort.|
|Hrab||1378|| ||Springs on its north and south sides (traverse). The slopes of the mountain are covered by pristine beech woodland with admixture of fir and spruce trees. In the eastern part of the main ridge of Polonyna Borzhava. The red stripe main ridge trail or yellow stripes from the valley of the Borzhava river.|
|Kuk||1361|| ||Distinctive grassy peak with a steep, hardly accessible SE slope. The highpoint of a namesake polonyna in the central stretch of its main ridge. Accessible via an unmarked path.|
|Temnatyk||1343|| ||First conspicuous summit in the westernmost tip of Borzhava. The W and E sides are covered by pristine beech woodland (a namesake preserve) while S slopes are part of Potik Osa reserve. It is reached by the red stripe main ridge trail.|
|Plai||1323|| ||Easily distinguishable summit thanks to a weather station on its top. In the western part of the main ridge. The red stripe main ridge trail, yellow stripes from Volovets.|
In contrast to the other polonynas in Transcarpathia, it is possible to take a day round-trip thanks to the proximity of mountain resorts. Trailheads for particular hiking destinations are tabulated below.
|Access route||Trailhead at||Times of walk up (hr:min)||Distance (km)||Elevation gain (m)||Marks||Destinations|
|Mukachevo-Volovets||Volovets railroad station||3:00/3:30||6/8||850/800||red stripe/yellow stripe||Temnatyk/Plai|
|Volovets-Pylypets||Pylypets||3/2:30||7/5||1000/900||green stripe/blue stripe||Velykyi Verkh/Hymba|
|Khust - Mizhgiria||Mizhgiria||4||9||650||red stripe||Kuk|
| Khust - Nizhnyi Bystryi|| Shyroke|| 2:30|| 6|| 600|| yellow stripe|| Palenyi Hrun|
Camping &Red Tape
It is possible to pitch a tent anywhere on the main ridge of the Borzhava. There are some preferred campsites with good sources of water, e.g. the saddle between Kychera and Kruhla summits, glade below Pryslip peak, tiny tarn near Kamianka massif or Polonyna Kuk.
CAMPSITE IN THE SADDLE BETWEEN KYCHERA AND KRUHLA SUMMITS
The table below lists protected areas.