Page Type Page Type: Area/Range
Location Lat/Lon: 38.32820°N / 119.6374°W
Activities Activities: Hiking, Mountaineering, Trad Climbing, Toprope, Bouldering, Mixed, Scrambling
Seasons Season: Spring, Summer, Fall
Additional Information Elevation: 9620 ft / 2932 m
Sign the Climber's Log


The Sonora Pass area is considered a backpacker's paradise, with gentle trails, beautiful alpine meadows, and numerous lakes that serve as ideal base camps. As a climbing destination, it is best known for peak bagging, although there are some technical rock climbs.

This area includes the southern half of the Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area, the Emigrant Wilderness Area, the northern half of the Hoover Wilderness Area and the northern boundary of Yosemite National Park.

The Sonora Pass itself is the trans-Sierra highway known as Hwy 108, which connects Bridgeport, CA on the eastern side of the range with the town of Sonora to the west. At an elevation of 9,620 feet, the Sonora Pass is the second highest paved pass in the Sierra Nevada range. (Tioga Pass is the highest.) Sonora Pass is also where the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) crosses Hwy 108.


1) The Sonora Pass (CA Hwy 108) is closed during the winter. It usually reopens in May, but that depends entirely on the amount of snow received. (Check the CalTrans Hwy 108 report here for current conditions.)

2) A wilderness permit is required for overnight stays in all of the wilderness areas mentioned below. (It is not required for a day hike.)

Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area

The 160,000-acre Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area was created in 1984 with the passage of the California Wilderness Act. This area lies within portions of Tuolumne and Alpine County and is bordered by Hwy 108 on the south and Hwy 4 on the north. The landscape is both rugged and beautiful and is dominated by volcanic ridges and peaks. There are fewer lakes than in the Emigrant and Hoover Wilderness areas to the south, but also fewer people.

Click here for a trail distance map.

Click here for a topo map.

There are many peaks still not documented on SummitPost, as you can see from the list below.

Peaks in the Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area:

Mountain Elevation Distance from Trailhead
Sonora Peak 11,459' 1.4 miles
White Mountain 11,398' 4.2 miles
Stanislaus Peak 11,233' 3.8 miles
Lost Cannon Peak 11,060' 8.5 miles
Whitecliff Peak 10,893' 6.5 miles
Wells Peak 10,833' 8.2 miles
Fish Valley Peak 10,571' 11.5 miles
Disaster Peak 10,046' 3.9 miles
Red Peak 10,009' 4.4 miles
Airola Peak 9,942' 4.7 miles
Iceberg Peak 9,781' 4 miles
Bald Peak 9,715' 2.7 miles
Dardanelles Cone 9,524' 3.8 miles
Boulder Peak 9,393' 7.4 miles
Lightening Mountain 9,326' 4.7 miles
The Iceberg 8,350' 0.8 miles

Additional peaks listed in the Ebbetts Pass area.

Emigrant Wilderness Area

What was formerly the Emigrant Basin was designated as the Emigrant Wilderness Area (EWA) on January 4, 1975. The 113,000-acre EWA is about 25 miles in length and up to 15 miles in width. It is bordered by Yosemite National Park on the south, the Hoover Wilderness Area on the east, and Hwy 108 and the Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area on the north.

The EWA does not have the dramatic scenery of Yosemite Valley, however, it also does not have the crowds that Yosemite has during the summer. The glaciated landscape is consistent with that found in the backcountry of beautiful northern Yosemite. The northeastern third of the Wilderness is dominated by volcanic ridges and peaks; the remaining areas consist of many sparsely vegetated, granitic ridges interspersed with numerous lakes and meadows.

There are over 100 lakes and 22 named peaks within the EWA. Elevations range from below 5000 feet near Cherry Reservoir to 11,570 feet at Leavitt Peak.

Click here for a trail distance map.

Click here for a topo map.

Peaks in the Emigrant Wilderness Area:

Mountain Elevation Distance from Trailhead
Leavitt Peak 11,570' 3.9 miles
Molo Mountain 10,885' 15.4 miles
Big Sam 10,825' 3.8 miles
Relief Peak 10,808' 8 miles
Kennedy Peak 10,718' 8 miles
Night Cap Peak 10,641' 1.7 miles
Bigelow Peak 10,539' 19 miles
Quartzite Peak 10,414' 18.5 miles
Grizzly Peak 10,365' 15.5 miles
Blackhawk Mountain 10,348' 10 miles
Granite Dome 10,322' 9.6 miles

Hoover Wilderness Area

The Hoover Wilderness Area was given official wilderness area status in 1986 and expanded in 2008 to include the area along Highway 108. The Hoover Wilderness is bordered by the Emigrant Wilderness Area to the northwest and Yosemite National Park to the southwest. It encompasses 124,468 acres of lush green meadows, over 30 alpine lakes and some spectacular granite peaks. Elevations range from 7,640 to 12,446 feet. Some of the best Sierra climbing north of Yosemite can be found here.

Additionally, 12 miles of the Pacific Crest Trail pass through the Hoover Wilderness.

Peaks in the Hoover Wilderness Area:

Mountain Elevation Distance from Trailhead
Tower Peak 11,775' 17 miles
Center Mountain 11,273' 8 miles
Forsyth Peak 11,177' 15 miles
Hawksbeak Peak 11,143' 10 miles


From the West: Sonora to the Sonora Pass (70 miles):
Follow CA Hwy 108 east for 70 miles to the Sonora Pass or to your trailhead destination.

From the East: Bridgeport to the Sonora Pass (28 miles):
Follow I-395 south for 17 miles
Follow Hwy 108 west for 11 miles to the Sonora Pass or to your trailhead destination.


Carson-Iceberg Wilderness, by Jeffrey P. Schaffer
Emigrant Wilderness and Northwestern Yosemite, by Ben Schifrin

External Links

Carson-Iceberg Wilderness Area Official USFS website.
Emigrant Wilderness Area Official USFS website.
Hoover Wilderness Area Official USFS website. Rock climbing beta in the Sonora Pass area.
CalTrans District 10 updates on Twitter (local road closures)

Zscapes - Mountain Home (30 years of trip reports and photos from the Emigrant and Hoover Wilderness Areas)



Parents refers to a larger category under which an object falls. For example, theAconcagua mountain page has the 'Aconcagua Group' and the 'Seven Summits' asparents and is a parent itself to many routes, photos, and Trip Reports.

Sierra NevadaAreas & Ranges