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Washington 2000-ft Prominence Peaks

 
Washington 2000-ft Prominence Peaks

Page Type: List

Location: Washington, United States, North America

Object Title: Washington 2000-ft Prominence Peaks

 

Page By: Klenke, MShetter, ericnoel

Created/Edited: Dec 10, 2006 / Mar 23, 2014

Object ID: 250418

Hits: 25813 

Page Score: 92.04%  - 37 Votes 

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The List

Washington's 2,000-ft prominence peaks
RANK
SUMMIT
ELEVATION
SADDLE
PROM.
QUAD
NOTES
  1 
 Mt. Rainier  14410   
1200  
 13210 
 Mt. Rainier West   E1, S1 
  2 
 Mt. Baker  10781  T(2) 
1900  
 8881 
 Mt. Baker   S1 
  3 
 Mt. Adams  12276   
4160  
 8116 
 Mt. Adams East    
  4 
 Mt. Olympus    7969   
140  
 7829 
 Mt. Olympus    
  5 
 Glacier Peak  10520+  (2) 
3040  
 7480 
 Glacier Peak East   E2, S2 
  6 
 Mt. Stuart    9415   
4080  
 5335 
 Mt. Stuart   S2 
  7 
 Abercrombie Mountain    7308   
2140  
 5168 
 Abercrombie Mountain   S3a 
  8 
 Round Mountain    5320+   
540  
 4780 
 Fortson   S4F 
  9 
 Mt. Spickard    8979   
4200  
 4779 
 Mt. Spickard    
  10 
 Copper Butte    7140   
2400  
 4740 
 Copper Butte    
  11 
 Mt. St. Helens    8365   
3760  
 4605 
 Mt. St. Helens    
  12 
 Three Fingers    6850   
2360  
 4490 
 Whitehorse Mountain   P1a, S2 
  13 
 Mt. Shuksan    9131   
4720  
 4411 
 Mt. Shuksan   S2 
  14 
 Remmel Mountain    8685   
4320  
 4365 
 Remmel Mountain    
  15 
 Jack Mountain    9066   
4880  
 4186 
 Jack Mountain   S2 
  16 
 Moses Mountain    6774   
2640  
 4134 
 Moses Mountain   S4Ld 
  17 
 Mt. Deception    7788   
3680  
 4108 
 Mt. Deception    
  18 
.Mt. Prophet    7640+   
3640  
 4000 
 Mt. Prophet    
  19 
 North Gardner Mountain    8956   
4960  
 3996 
 Silver Star Mountain    
  20 
 Hozomeen Mountain    8066   
4134  
 3932 
 Hozomeen Mountain   S3b 
  21 
 Ruby Mountain    7408   
3520  
 3888 
 Ross Dam    
  22 
 Sloan Peak    7835   
3960  
 3875 
 Sloan Peak    
  23 
 Huckleberry Mountain    5825  T(3T+) 
1960  
 3865 
 Stensgar Mountain    
  24 
 Goode Mountain    9200+   
5400  
 3800 
 Goode Mountain   E3 
  25 
 White Chuck Mountain    6989   
3200  
 3789 
 White Chuck Mountain    
  26 
 Bonanza Peak    9511   
5800  
 3711 
 Holden    
  27 
 "Big Chiwaukum"    8081  T+(2) 
4400  
 3681 
 Chiwaukum Mtns.    
  28 
 Gilbert Peak    8184   
4520  
 3664 
 Walupt Lake    
  29 
 Gunn Peak    6240   
2600  
 3640 
 Baring    
  30 
 Calispell Peak    6855   
3220  
 3635 
 Calispell Peak   S3c 
  31 
 Mt. Bonaparte    7257   
3720  
 3537 
 Mt. Bonaparte   S5 
  32 
 South Twin    7000+   
3480  
 3520 
 Twin Sisters Mountain    
  33 
 Mt. Spokane    5883   
2380  
 3503 
 Mt. Spokane   S3d 
  34 
 Mt. Daniel    7960+  (2) 
4480  
 3480 
 Mt. Daniel    
  35 
 Black Peak    8970   
5520  
 3450 
 Mt. Arriva    
  36 
 Lyman Hill    4280+   
880  
 3400 
 Sedro-Woolley North    
  37 
 Aeneas Mountain    5167   
1840  
 3327 
 Aeneas Lake    
  38 
 Dirtyface Peak    6240+   
2920  
 3320 
 Lake Wenatchee   E4 
  39 
 Mt. Aix    7766   
4480  
 3286 
 Bumping Lake   S2 
  40 
 Mt. Blum    7680   
4400  
 3280 
 Mt. Blum   E5 
  41 
 Mt. Lago    8745   
5480  
 3265 
 Mt. Lago    
  42 
 Castle Peak    8306   
5080  
 3226 
 Castle Peak    
  43 
 Desolation Peak    6102   
2880  
 3222 
 Hozomeen Mountain    
  44 
 Ellemeham Mountain    4659   
1476  
 3183 
 Bullfrog Mountain   E6 
  45 
 High Rock    5685   
2560  
 3125 
 Sawtooth Ridge   S2 
  46 
 "Big Gee"    5080+   
1960  
 3120 
 Gee Point    
  47 
 Luna Peak    8311  T(2) 
5240  
 3071 
 Mt. Challenger    
  48 
 Big Craggy Peak    8470   
5400  
 3070 
 Billy Goat Mountain    
  49 
 Dome Peak    8920+   
5880  
 3040 
 Dome Peak    
  50 
 Anderson Mountain    3364  T(2) 
330  
 3034 
 Lake Whatcom    
  51 
 Buckner Mountain    9112  T+(2) 
6080  
 3032 
 Goode Mountain   S3e 
  52 
 Rogers BM    5775   
2760  
 3015 
 Aladdin    
  53 
 Mt. Index    5991   
3000  
 2991 
 Index    
  54 
 Snowfield Peak    8347   
5440  
 2907 
 Diablo Dam    
  55 
 Mt. Howard    7063   
4160  
 2903 
 Mt. Howard    
  56 
 Tower Mountain    8444   
5560  
 2884 
 Washington Pass    
  57 
 Sumas Mountain    3430   
560  
 2870 
 Kendall   P2 
  58 
 Illabot Peaks    5944   
3080  
 2864 
 Illabot Peaks    
  59 
 Mt. Pilchuck    5340   
2480  
 2860 
 Verlot    
  60 
 Mt. Fernow    9249   
6440  
 2809 
 Holden    
  61 
 Mt. Pugh    7201   
4400  
 2801 
 Pugh Mountain    
  62 
 Mission Peak    6876   
4080  
 2796 
 Mission Peak    
  63 
 American Border Peak    7994   
5200  
 2794 
 Mt. Larrabee   S6 
  64 
 Tiffany Mountain    8245   
5479  
 2766 
 Tiffany Mountain    
  65 
 "Ten-Four Mountain"    4384   
1640  
 2744 
 Gold Bar    
 T66 
 "Whacme Mountain"    3087  T?(3) 
360  
 2727 
 Lake Whatcom   E7 
 T66 
 Chimney Rock    7727   
5000  
 2727 
 Big Snow Mountain   E7 
  68 
 Mt. Forgotten    6005   
3280  
 2725 
 Bedal    
  69 
 Oval Peak    8795   
6080  
 2715 
 Oval Peak    
  70 
 The Brothers    6842   
4160  
 2682 
 The Brothers    
  71 
 Boistfort Peak    3120+   
440  
 2680 
 Boistfort Peak    
  72 
 Badger Mountain    4254  T(2T+) 
1580  
 2674 
 Orondo   E9, S3f 
  73 
 Mt. Washington    6255   
3640  
 2615 
 Mt. Washington    
  74 
 "Mt. Elbert"    4327  T?(2S) 
1720  
 2607 
 The Rockies   P3 
  75 
 Mt. Muller    3748   
1150  
 2598 
 Mt. Muller    
  76 
 Red Mountain    5880+  (2) 
3320  
 2560 
 Polallie Ridge   E10 
  77 
 Lime Creek Mountain    4739   
2180  
 2559 
 Boundary   S2, S3g 
  78 
 Indian Rock    5823  T(2T) 
3280  
 2543 
 Indian Rock    
  79 
 Addy Mountain    4885   
2360  
 2525 
 Addy Mountain   S7 
  80 
 Mt. Lawson    5401   
2880  
 2521 
 Mt. Christie    
  81 
 Rattlesnake Mountain    3480+   
960  
 2520 
 North Bend   E8 
  82 
 Bacon Peak    7061   
4560  
 2501 
 Bacon Peak    
  83 
 Snyder Hill    5440+   
2960  
 2480 
 Metaline Falls   E9 
  84 
 Mt. Annie    6055   
3600  
 2455 
 Mt. Annie   S4L 
  85 
 White Mountain    5600+ 
3150  
 2450 
 Vulcan Mountain    
  86 
 Mt. Baring    6125   
3680  
 2445 
 Baring    
  87 
.Three Fools Peak    7920+   
5480  
 2440 
 Castle Peak    
  88 
 Silver Star Mountain    8876   
6440  
 2436 
 Silver Star Mountain    
  89 
 Mt. Misch    7435   
5000  
 2435 
 Downey Mountain    
  90 
 "Silo Mountain"    4150   
1720  
 2430 
 Haystack Mountain    
  91 
 Mt. David    7420   
5000  
 2420 
 Mt. David    
 T92 
 Mt. Constitution    2407 
0  
 2407 
 Mt. Constitution    
 T92 
 Oregon Butte    6387  T(3S+) 
3980  
 2407 
 Oregon Butte   S2 
 94 
 Lemei Rock    5925   
3520  
 2405 
 Lone Butte    
  95 
 Old Dominion Mountain    5773  T(2) 
3400  
 2373 
 Park Rapids    
  96 
 Molybdenite Mountain    6784   
4440  
 2344 
 Scotchman Lake   P4 
 T97 
 Tumwater Mountain    4480+   
2160  
 2320 
 Leavenworth   E10 
 T97 
 Huffaker Mountain    3640+   
1320  
 2320 
 Cowlitz Falls   E11 
  99 
 Larch Mountain    2660  T(2S+) 
344  
 2316 
 Capitol Peak   E12 
  100 
 Monumental Mountain    5534   
3240  
 2294 
 Kentry Ridge    
  101 
 Dock Butte    5239   
2960  
 2279 
 Baker Pass    
  102 
 Crystal Mountain    6998  T(2) 
4720  
 2278 
 White River Park   S2 
  103 
 Chelan Butte    3835   
1560  
 2275 
 Chelan    
  104 
 Purcell Mountain    5442   
3200  
 2242 
 Purcell Mountain    
  105 
 Mesahchie Peak    8795   
6560  
 2235 
 Mt. Logan    
  106 
 Storm King Mountain    4750   
2520  
 2230 
 Mineral    
  107 
 Del Campo Peak    6610   
4400  
 2210 
 Monte Cristo    
  108 
 Buckhorn Mountain    5602   
3400  
 2202 
 Buckhorn Mountain    
  109 
 North Mountain    3840+   
1640  
 2200 
 Darrington   E13 
  110 
 Lookout Mountain    2677  T(2T) 
480  
 2197 
 Lake Whatcom   E13 
  111 
."Daemon Peak"    7514   
5320  
 2194 
 Shull Mountain    
 T112 
 Eldorado Peak    8868   
6680  
 2188 
 Eldorado Peak    
 T112 
 Lakeview Peak    3868  T(2T) 
1680  
 2188 
 Lakeview Peak   S8, S3h 
  114 
 North Baldy    6173   
4000  
 2173 
 North Baldy    
  115 
 "McDonald Mountain"    3570   
1400  
 2170 
 Eagle Gorge    
 T116 
 Whitehorse Mountain    6840+   
4680  
 2160 
 Whitehorse Mountain   P1b 
 T116 
 Whitmore Mountain    3920+   
1760  
 2160 
 Hopkins Canyon   E14 
  118 
 Mt. Stone    6612   
4480  
 2132 
 Mt. Skokomish    
  119 
 Silver Peak    5605   
3480  
 2125 
 Lost Lake    
  120 
 Natapoc Mountain    4204  T(2) 
2080  
 2124 
 Winton    
  121 
 McGregor Mountain    8122   
6000  
 2122 
 McGregor Mountain    
 T122 
 Liberty Mountain    5680+   
3560  
 2120 
 Whitehorse Mountain    
 T122 
 Mt. Wow    6040+   
3920  
 2120 
 Mt. Wow    
  124 
 Martin Peak    8511   
6400  
 2111 
 Holden    
  125 
 The Cradle    7467  2T 
5360  
 2107 
 The Cradle    
  126 
 Unicorn Peak    6971  T+(2) 
4880  
 2091 
 Tatoosh Lakes    
  127 
 Goat Mountain    5407  T(2) 
3320  
 2087 
 Spirit Lake East   E15 
  128 
 Jim Hill Mountain    6765   
4680  
 2085 
 Stevens Pass    
 T129 
 Mineral Mountain    6800+   
4720  
 2080 
 Mt. Blum    
 T129 
 Goat Mountain    6600+   
4520  
 2080 
 Davis Peak    
 T129 
 Amabilis Mountain    4560+   
2480  
 2080 
 Stampede Pass    
  132 
 Cardinal Peak    8590  T(2) 
6520  
 2070 
 Pyramid Mountain    
  133 
 Lennox Mountain    5894   
3840  
 2054 
 Grotto    
  134 
 Mt. Walker    2804   
760  
 2044 
 Mt. Walker    
  135 
 Helen Buttes    5560+   
3520  
 2040 
 Marblemount    
  136 
 Tomyhoi Peak    7435   
5400  
 2035 
 Mt. Larrabee    
  137 
 Sheep Mountain    8274   
6240  
 2034 
 Ashnola Mountain    
  138 
 Reynolds Peak    8512   
6480  
 2032 
 Sun Mountain    
  139 
.Elija Ridge    7739   
5720  
 2019 
 Crater Mountain    
  140 
 Tunk Mountain    6053   
4040  
 2013 
 Tunk Mountain    
  141 
 Goat Mountain    4965   
2960  
 2005 
 Goat Mountain    
 T142 
 Indian Head Peak    7400+  (2) 
5400  
 2000 
 Glacier Peak East   E15 
 T142 
 Whitestone Ridge    4760+   
2760  
 2000 
 Friedlander Meadows   E16, S3i 
 T142 
 Rock Peak    3320+  (2) 
1320  
 2000 
 Mt. Tebo   E16 
  
ALSO RANS
 145 
.Mt. Elk Lick    6517   
4520  
 1997 
 Mt. Steel   S3j 
 146 
 6789   
4800  
 1989 
 Old Snowy Mtn    
 147 
.Blacktail Butte    5426   
3440  
 1986 
 Aladdin   S3k 
 148 
 Mount Anderson, West Peak    7365   
5400  
 1965 
 Mt. Steel    

Background

It is not my intent to go into a lengthy explanation of how "prominence" is calculated.
There are plenty of websites out there that do this and even some books (example).
Some important explanatory links:
Aaron Maizlish's essay on prominence theory (alternate)
Dr. John Roper's essay on prominence
Greg Slayden's explanation of prominence
Jeff Howbert's page

To begin, I will first pose this question: what defines a "mountain?" A mountain, by Webster's definition, is "a landmass that projects conspicuously above its surroundings and is higher than a hill" or "an elongated ridge." So one must then ask, just how conspicuous does a raised landmass have to be to be considered a mountain? Clearly, this is a subjective point as some mountains are only conspicuous from certain angles. But, if it were possible to objectify the determination of a mountain from non-mountains, how would one do it? That is, how could we be scientific about it to remove all subjectivity? The answer is prominence. Every mountain in the world (and out of this world) can have a prominence value assigned to it. One just needs to take the time to do the analysis.

Now let me switch terms slightly by introducing the not-so-original word "peak." To me, a peak is a landmass that stands out to enough degree (possesses enough prominence) that it can be seen as more than a mere bump (closed contour) on a larger landmass than itself. These mere bumps are what I call "points" if I call them anything at all. But what's the cut-off between closed contours that are merely points and those that are prominent enough to be called peaks? Well, different states use different values. For example, California uses 300 feet of prominence. In Washington the value is 400 feet (by Washington peakbagger consensus?). (Countries outside of the United States generally calculate prominence in meters.)

So what does all this have to do with this page? And why is this page only for peaks with 2000 feet or more of prominence? The answer (at least as I see it) has to do with statistics:

Obviously, the distribution of peaks across the prominence spectrum from the lower cut-off value (depends on state/country) all the way up to the maximum world prominence of 29035 ft/8850m (Mt. Everest) will be such that the greatest proportion of them will be at the lower end with progressively fewer peaks rising above higher and higher thresholds. So the number of peaks with at least 1000 ft of prominence might be 20 percent of the total. And peaks with at least 2000 ft might be 2 percent of the total. And peaks with at least 5000 feet of prominence might be 0.2 percent of the total. (I admit I have not determined the exact distribution.). And each bordered realm (state, country, continent, etc.) has a total number of peaks within it. For Washington, this total is approximately 3,600 and the number of peaks with at least 2000 feet of prominence is 144.

This page brings to light these 144 peaks. Lists of these peaks exist on other websites. This page's main intent is to provide links to those 2kP mountains already on summitpost, to provide Topozone links to these mountains and the key saddles by which their prominences are calculated, and to provide cursory information (where possible or available) for 2kP peaks without their own dedicated SP page. Currently (as of June 2011), 121 of the 144 have their own page on summitpost. For information on the other 23 peaks, Click Here.

Here is a map of where those 144 peaks are located in the state:

Heroes and Would-be Heroes

Currently, there are only four persons who have climbed all of the peaks on this list: Dr. John Roper, finishing on Mt. Lawson on September 8, 2001, Paul Klenke on Mt. Rainier on July 27, 2008, Andy Boos on Mt. Misch on October 20, 2010, and Martin Shetter on Mt. Misch on August 6, 2011. A number of folks are actively pursuing the list. These are folks I know who have climbed more than 100 of the 144: Grant Myers, Fay Pullen, John Stolk, Paul Michelson, Eric Noel and Ken Jones.
A good reference for this pursuit can be found here on www.peakbagger.com.

To see a partial list of other people interested in these peaks and maps of which ones they've climbed check out the Cohp.org WA Prominence page. On that page you also find Dr. Roper's difficulty rankings for these peaks.

Acknowledgements

A number of persons deserve credit both in the creation of the list and the creation of this page. I apologize in advance if I forget "you" (send me an email and I'll add "you" in).
Andy Martin -- for checking the initial Washington 2kP list with John Roper, and for keeping the Prominence Front Runners List.
John Roper -- for various, but most importantly for being the initiating force behind the idea that completing the list is within the realm of the possible
Jeff Howbert -- for sussing out 99 percent of the 2kP peaks and other peaks in the state, and for providing your findings and other data online
Eric Noel -- for your work in the prominence field including checking the veracity of this list and for providing Topozone links to key saddles and for the special notes given in the list
Others -- Steve Fry, Aaron Maizlish, Edward Earl, Adam Helman, and other important prominence pioneers I have neither met nor corresponded with.

Explanation of Symbols

Elevation Symbols
+             indicates summit is not precisely triangulated where the highest point is a single closed contour at the elevation specified
(2)           indicates summit is not precisely triangulated AND there are two separate closed contours at the elevation specified
T(2)         indicates two separate highest closed contours inside one of which is the specified triangulated elevation; this is the highest point
T+(2)       indicates two separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point is known to be in the other one
T?(2)       indicates two separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point may be inside the other
T?(3)       indicates three separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point may be inside one of the others
2T           indicates two separate summits, both with the same triangulated value; the only peak like this is The Cradle (two 7467 summit points)
T(2T)       indicates two separate highest closed contours, one of which with its own triangulated elevation within it; elevation specified is the higher of the two
T(2T+)     indicates two highest closed contours each with its own triangulated elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(3T+)     indicates three highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(2S+)     indicates two highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(3S+)     indicates three highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
S             indicates separate named and/or prominence summits involved

Notes (these are from Eric Noel)
E1       New summit summit survey at 14411
E2       Summit 10541 on old 500K map
E3       Summit 9220 on old 500K map
E4       Summit 6250
E5       Spot elevation matches 7680 contour
E6       Summit 1420-meter spot elevation does not match 10-meter contour interval. Last contour is 1400
E7       Summit elevation from old maps
E8       Summit 3517 on Green Trails
E9       Summit 5460
E10     Summit 4500
E11     Small summit contour
E12     Summit spot 2660 but 2640+40 to N of 2659 spot on Capitol Peak. The 2659 area is higher than 2640+40.
E13     Summit south of lookout
E13     2676 spot 1 mile to SSE of 2677 top
E14     Summit 3949
E15     Summit 7442 is greater than last contour of 7400+40
E16     Summit 4762
P1a     Summit 6854; If elev. is < Whitehorse then saddles switch and 3 Fingers = ~2200 P; Barlow Pass 2361 spot elevation
P1b     Summit 6852; If elev. is > 3 Fingers then saddles switch and Whitehorse = ~4500 P
P2       NHN (Next-Higher Neighbor/peak) possibly in Canada
P3       4327 spot or 4320+40; 4327 thought to be higher
P4       NHN is Gypsy Peak's parent
S1       Pass in Canada
S2       Road at pass
S3a     40-ft saddle with 20-ft intermediate contour
S3b     Saddle 1260-20 but must be > 1250 for Lightning Lake
S3c     Saddle intermediate contour
S3d     20 ft contour map but both drainages have intermediate 2370+10 ft contours
S3e     One 3364 spot and second 3360+40 contour; saddle 40 ft with 20-ft intermediate contour
S3f      Artificial saddle at North Dam but probably was 1500 before dam. Likely natural saddle at Banks Lake Dam at 1550 or 1540
S3g     Saddle spot 2179
S3h     1654 spot at roaded saddle
S3i      Three saddle spots
S3j      BM 4465 not at pass
S3k      Road + lake at saddle; Lake 3422 so >3422 saddle likely
S4F      Massive flat saddle
S4L      Very long saddle
S4Ld     Long saddles with depressions
S5         Uncertain saddle. Need Canada verification
S6         Pass either Skagway Pass or between Twin Lakes
S7         Saddle intermediate contour below key saddle
S8         Basin saddles

Revisions

Add Annie, Tunk,...

Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
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RedwicLink To Mount Washington SP Page...

Redwic

Voted 10/10

Due to a SummitPost member suddenly deleting the original Mount Washington (Olympics) page, and then another SP member re-creating it in May 2009, the link on this page's table is incorrect. The new link for Mount Washington is here.
Posted May 14, 2010 10:24 pm
KlenkeRe: Link To Mount Washington SP Page...

Klenke

Hasn't voted

Thanks for the heads-up. I'll fix it soon. And then add your other additions.



You remind me of me a few years ago.
Posted May 16, 2010 11:00 pm

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