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# Washington 2000-ft Prominence Peaks

Page Type: List

Location: Washington, United States, North America

Object Title: Washington 2000-ft Prominence Peaks

Page By: Klenke, MShetter, ericnoel

Created/Edited: Dec 10, 2006 / Jun 2, 2017

Object ID: 250418

Hits: 30046

Page Score: 92.04%  - 37 Votes

## The List

Washington's 2,000-ft prominence peaks

## Background

It is not my intent to go into a lengthy explanation of how "prominence" is calculated.
There are plenty of websites out there that do this and even some books.
Some important explanatory links:
Aaron Maizlish's essay on prominence theory (alternate)
John Roper's essay on prominence
Greg Slayden's explanation of prominence
Jeff Howbert's page

To begin, I will first pose this question: what defines a "mountain?" A mountain, by Webster's definition, is "a landmass that projects conspicuously above its surroundings and is higher than a hill" or "an elongated ridge." So one must then ask, just how conspicuous does a raised landmass have to be to be considered a mountain? Clearly, this is a subjective point as some mountains are only conspicuous from certain angles. But, if it were possible to objectify the determination of a mountain from non-mountains, how would one do it? That is, how could we be scientific about it to remove all subjectivity? The answer is prominence. Every mountain in the world (and out of this world) can have a prominence value assigned to it. One just needs to take the time to do the analysis.

Now let me switch terms slightly by introducing the not-so-original word "peak." To me, a peak is a landmass that stands out to enough degree (possesses enough prominence) that it can be seen as more than a mere bump (closed contour) on a larger landmass than itself. These mere bumps are what I call "points" if I call them anything at all. But what's the cut-off between closed contours that are merely points and those that are prominent enough to be called peaks? Well, different states use different values. For example, California uses 300 feet of prominence. In Washington the value is 400 feet (by Washington peakbagger consensus?). (Countries outside of the United States generally calculate prominence in meters.)

So what does all this have to do with this page? And why is this page only for peaks with 2000 feet or more of prominence? The answer (at least as I see it) has to do with statistics:

Obviously, the distribution of peaks across the prominence spectrum from the lower cut-off value (depends on state/country) all the way up to the maximum world prominence of 29035 ft/8850m (Mt. Everest) will be such that the greatest proportion of them will be at the lower end with progressively fewer peaks rising above higher and higher thresholds. So the number of peaks with at least 1000 ft of prominence might be 20 percent of the total. And peaks with at least 2000 ft might be 2 percent of the total. And peaks with at least 5000 feet of prominence might be 0.2 percent of the total. (I admit I have not determined the exact distribution.). And each bordered realm (state, country, continent, etc.) has a total number of peaks within it. For Washington, this total is approximately 3,600 and the number of peaks with at least 2000 feet of prominence is 144.

This page brings to light these 144 peaks. Lists of these peaks exist on other websites. This page's main intent is to provide links to those 2kP mountains already on summitpost, to provide Topozone links to these mountains and the key saddles by which their prominences are calculated, and to provide cursory information (where possible or available) for 2kP peaks without their own dedicated SP page. Currently (as of June 2011), 119 of the 144 have their own page on summitpost. For information on the other 25 peaks, Click Here.

Here is a map of where those 144 peaks are located in the state:

## Heroes and Would-be Heroes

Currently, there are only five persons who have climbed all of the peaks on this list: John Roper, finishing on Mt. Lawson on September 8, 2001, Paul Klenke on Mt. Rainier on July 27, 2008, Andy Boos on Mt. Misch on October 20, 2010, Martin Shetter on Mt. Misch on August 6, 2011, and Fay Pullen on Mt. Constitution on September 12, 2015. A number of folks are actively pursuing the list. These are folks I know who have climbed more than 100 of the 144: Grant Myers, John Stolk, Paul Michelson, Eric Noel, Ken Jones, Craig Willis, and Bob Bolton.
A good reference for this pursuit can be found here on www.peakbagger.com.

To see a partial list of other people interested in these peaks and maps of which ones they've climbed check out the Cohp.org WA Prominence page. On that page you also find Dr. Roper's difficulty rankings for these peaks.

## Acknowledgements

A number of persons deserve credit both in the creation of the list and the creation of this page. I apologize in advance if I forget "you" (send me an email and I'll add "you" in).
Andy Martin -- for checking the initial Washington 2kP list with John Roper, and for keeping the Prominence Front Runners List.
John Roper -- for various, but most importantly for being the initiating force behind the idea that completing the list is within the realm of the possible
Jeff Howbert -- for sussing out 99 percent of the 2kP peaks and other peaks in the state, and for providing your findings and other data online
Eric Noel -- for your work in the prominence field including checking the veracity of this list and for providing Topozone links to key saddles and for the special notes given in the list
Others -- Steve Fry, Aaron Maizlish, Edward Earl, Adam Helman, and other important prominence pioneers I have neither met nor corresponded with.

## Explanation of Symbols

Elevation Symbols
+             indicates summit is not precisely triangulated where the highest point is a single closed contour at the elevation specified
(2)           indicates summit is not precisely triangulated AND there are two separate closed contours at the elevation specified
T(2)         indicates two separate highest closed contours inside one of which is the specified triangulated elevation; this is the highest point
T+(2)       indicates two separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point is known to be in the other one
T?(2)       indicates two separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point may be inside the other
T?(3)       indicates three separate highest closed contours; inside one is the specified triangulated elevation but the highest point may be inside one of the others
2T           indicates two separate summits, both with the same triangulated value; the only peak like this is The Cradle (two 7467 summit points)
T(2T)       indicates two separate highest closed contours, one of which with its own triangulated elevation within it; elevation specified is the higher of the two
T(2T+)     indicates two highest closed contours each with its own triangulated elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(3T+)     indicates three highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(2S+)     indicates two highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
T(3S+)     indicates three highest closed contours each with its own triangulated spot elevation within it plus one more closed contour without spot inside it
S             indicates separate named and/or prominence summits involved

Notes (these are from Eric Noel)
E1       New summit summit survey at 14411
E2       Summit 10541 on old 500K map
E3       Summit 9220 on old 500K map
E4       Summit 6250
E5       Spot elevation matches 7680 contour
E6       Summit 1420-meter spot elevation does not match 10-meter contour interval. Last contour is 1400
E7       Summit elevation from old maps
E8       Summit 3517 on Green Trails
E9       Summit 5460
E10     Summit 4500
E11     Small summit contour
E12     Summit spot 2660 but 2640+40 to N of 2659 spot on Capitol Peak. The 2659 area is higher than 2640+40.
E13     Summit south of lookout
E13     2676 spot 1 mile to SSE of 2677 top
E14     Summit 3949
E15     Summit 7442 is greater than last contour of 7400+40
E16     Summit 4762
P1a     Summit 6854; If elev. is < Whitehorse then saddles switch and 3 Fingers = ~2200 P; Barlow Pass 2361 spot elevation
P1b     Summit 6852; If elev. is > 3 Fingers then saddles switch and Whitehorse = ~4500 P
P2       NHN (Next-Higher Neighbor/peak) possibly in Canada
P3       4327 spot or 4320+40; 4327 thought to be higher
P4       NHN is Gypsy Peak's parent
S1       Pass in Canada
S2       Road at pass
S3a     40-ft saddle with 20-ft intermediate contour
S3b     Saddle 1260-20 but must be > 1250 for Lightning Lake
S3c     Saddle intermediate contour
S3d     20 ft contour map but both drainages have intermediate 2370+10 ft contours
S3e     One 3364 spot and second 3360+40 contour; saddle 40 ft with 20-ft intermediate contour
S3f      Artificial saddle at North Dam but probably was 1500 before dam. Likely natural saddle at Banks Lake Dam at 1550 or 1540
S3g     Saddle spot 2179
S3i      Three saddle spots
S3j      BM 4465 not at pass
S3k      Road + lake at saddle; Lake 3422 so >3422 saddle likely
S4F      Massive flat saddle
S4L      Very long saddle
S4Ld     Long saddles with depressions
S6         Pass either Skagway Pass or between Twin Lakes
S7         Saddle intermediate contour below key saddle

## Additions and Corrections

[ Post an Addition or Correction ]
 Viewing: 1-4 of 4
 Redwic Link To Mount Washington SP Page... Voted 10/10 Due to a SummitPost member suddenly deleting the original Mount Washington (Olympics) page, and then another SP member re-creating it in May 2009, the link on this page's table is incorrect. The new link for Mount Washington is here. Posted May 14, 2010 10:24 pm
 Klenke Re: Link To Mount Washington SP Page... Hasn't voted Thanks for the heads-up. I'll fix it soon. And then add your other additions. You remind me of me a few years ago. Posted May 16, 2010 11:00 pm
 gimpilator Re: Link To Mount Washington SP Page... Voted 10/10 Prophet needs a link update as well. Posted Feb 28, 2017 1:29 am
 Klenke Re: Link To Mount Washington SP Page... Hasn't voted I'll get to that too. Thanks. I make the changes in Excel and upload directly to the page using the old editor. It's a tad complicated. Posted Feb 28, 2017 2:39 am

 Viewing: 1-4 of 4

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