Page Type Page Type: Mountain/Rock
Location Lat/Lon: 36.06620°N / 51.55120°E
Additional Information Elevation: 14393 ft / 4387 m
Sign the Climber's Log


Click for Introduction to Central Alborz Mountains
Click for Nader's map of Kholeno area
Click for Nader's map of
Dizin/Kandovan area

North face:

Kholeno actually points to two peaks on named Small Kholeno(4350m) and Big Kholeno(4387m) or call them Kholeno the small and Kholeno the great as Nader does.

Kholeno is located in Noor mountains ridgelines a sub division of central Alborz, limited by Karaj-Chaloos road from west, Gachsar-Dizin-Meeygoon road from south, Baladeh road from north and end tips of the ridges from east.

There is an ambiguity in minds and some resources that Kholeno is the tallest peak of the Noor mountains, but according to reliable maps and sources Kholeno(4387m) has been mistaken by Azadkouh(4390m), well only 3 meters who knows the truth !
So believing the maps this is the correct answer for the central Alborz :

Damavand(5671m)>Takht-e-Soleimans(4390+m)>Azadkouh(4390m)>Big Kholeno(4387m)


Topography and location

Noor mountains are made of some almost east-west parallel 4000m+ high ridgelines. Three of them from south to north are:

1 and 2 have a junction at east by Sarakchal(4210m) and Borj(4326m) at Varzab pass(4018m).
2 and 3 have a junction at east by a number of peaks:

  • 1 Borj(4326m)

  • 2 Small Kholeno(4350m)

  • 3 Big Kholeno(4387m)

  • 4 Mishchal(4253m)

  • 5 Sarkharsang(4203)

  • 6 Palvan(4126)

  • 7 Paloungardan(4256m)

  • 8 Narges(40206m)

Kholeno has three main ridges 1-2-3 make the south ridge, 3-4-5-6-7-8 make the north-east ridge and 3-Asbichal(4200m) makes the north-west ridge also from north by a narrow flank Big Kholeno drops down to Sarkharsang valley and Varangroud valley.

Summery: Kholeno is located north to Laloun village and at the end tip of Varangroud valley.


General information
  • Kholeno is the source of Varangroud, Lar and Laloun rivers.
  • There is a big snow pit or a little glacier on the north face inside Sarkharsang valley.
  • North-west face snow pit melts and forms a seasonal lake named Kholeno lake on the north-west face of Kholeno and south of Harzekooh(4258) the overflow makes a stream that joins Varangroud river, Varangroud river is a source for Karaj dam and Tehran's water supply.

Being one the second highest summit of the Noors, many mountaineers climb it every year it would be an easy summer climb but a challenging winter attempt. Standing on the peak you will have a big panorama of Alborz, from Takht-e-Soleimans to Damavand. The nearest village to the peak is Laloun still so far, camping near Kholeno would be a pleasure.

South ridge

Getting There

South face From Tehran drive Sadr and Babaee freeways -> turn right into Lashgarak road -> drive to Shemshak village or Laloun village (depends on demanded route). (about 70Km / 1 hour driving)

Laloun starting route: Climb Small Kholeno then big Kholeno via Borj(4326m)
Shemshak starting rout: Climb Sarakchal(4210) reach Borj via Varzab pass then climb Small Kholeno and Big Kholeno
North face
From Tehran drive the freeway about 40Km to Karaj, drive 71Km inside Karaj-Chalous road to Gachsar, turn right and drive less than 10Km before Dizin turn north to Varangroud village (I don't know if this need permission or not but there is a sign for entering Varangroud that says something like Alborz protected area, don't enter ...)
From Varangroud village have a long hike until you reach the end.

Red Tape and Regional Hints

The whole Alborz mountains area and it's wild nature is a protected place, hunting, fishing and abusing the nature is prohibited
No fees of permission is required for climbing or camping
No problem  for camping but avalanche danger !

When To Climb

Best Late spring and early autumn (June, July, September and October)
Photography Winter and spring
Summer Fairly easy, takes two days but if you are in shape and speedy  you can do it in one day
Winter Takes several days, known as one of the hardest attempts of central Alborz, being far from base,  mass of snow, snow caps, rocks on the route and frequent unexpected storms would reduce the chance of reaching the peak

Mountain Conditions

Summer (June-October) Weather is clear, isolated thunderstorms may occur, if precipitation occurs it will be snow or sleet in higher elevations.
Winter Heavy snow, serious snow caps along the ridge lines, frequent snow storms and wild wind all the time.

Miscellaneous Info