Very nice shaped mountain, with a very complex morphology.
It is placed on the ridge watershed, that divides Valgrisenche from Val di Rhemes, where it is the highest mountain.
The summit is constituted from two peaks distant 800 meters from eachothers. The north (3607m) and the south (3577m). The lowest point between them is called "Colle della Grande Rousse"(3516m).
The side of Val di Rhemes is characterized by 3 section:
The one in the center that overhung from the crest that connects the two tops, composed by a big cliff high 800 meters.
The northern that culminates with the north summit, and raises with a rocky spur called "Fort de Bard".
And that southern formed from the Glacier di Fos and the Becca di Fos, that culminates with the south summit.
The west side on Valgrisenche is nearly totally fleeced of ice, and divisible in 3 parts: The glaciers of Mount Forciaz, Invergnan and Giasson.
The total lack of huts on the east side, makes it a wild mountain with difficult approach.
On the west side,the bivouac "Ravelli" gives the possibility to divide the climb in two days and to approach the mountain from the easyest and most logical route.
The sense of the name "Grande Rousse", probably came from the Aosta Valley dialet. Which could be "Big glacier" or "Big summit of the glacier".
From the motorway A5 Montebianco(from Geneve,Turin,Milan),take the exit Aosta Ovest and follow the direction to Arvier-Valgrisanche.
From Val di Rhemes
From the motorway A5 Montebianco(from geneve,Turin,Milan),take the exit Aosta Ovest and follow the direction to Villeneuve-Val di Rhemes.
From Val d'Isere
From the village of Val d'Isere,enter in the area called "Reserve Naturelle de la Grande Sassiere".
From here,few routes,through Col de Rheme Golette and Col de la Tsanteleina, permit to reach the Italian side the foot of this mountain.
FROM OTHERS PARTS:
Is possible to reach the Aosta Valley also through the:
France-pass of Piccolo St.Bernardo(closed in winter).
France-Tunnel of Mont Blanc.
Swiss-Tunnel of Grand St.Bernardo.
Swiss-pass of Grand St.Bernardo(closed in winter).
Route History-From Glacier Invergnan-Blansford,Neighbour,Nichols,
Roswell,Favret,Brunod 13/08/1864 (first ascent)
-Northwest spur-W.Coolidge and C.Almer 25/08/1885
-North wall-D.Garin,A.Sciardi 07/1980
-North ridge-F.Vallino,G.Bich,A.Castagneri 30/07/1885
-East ridge-V.Gayda,C.Therisòd 29/07/1906
-East flank-L.Barale,A.Gorret,A.Martinelli 05/08/1974
-South ridge-G.Bobba,C.Therisod 04/08/1888
-WNW spurAldo e Ester Bonacossa 07/08/1926
Routes-From Glacier Invergnan and Colle Grande Rousse- Normal route (from biv.Ravelli PD+/AD)(C in the pic)
-Northwest spur-2° Normal route (from biv.Ravelli PD+/II+)(B in the pic)
-North wall-Bad rocks (600m AD+/D)
-From Glacier Forciaz and north ridge-Friable rocks (from biv.Ravelli III°/IV°)(A in the pic)
-East ridge-Difficult but safe (III°/IV°)
-From east flank and Colle Grande Rousse-Very long and not recommended (PD+)
-South ridge-Safe and most logic (AD/III°)(D in the pic)
-SKI route-Very hard ascent.From biv.Ravelli OSA
Refuges and BivouacsBivouac Luigi Ravelli 2860m
9 places,always open.From Uselleres 1778m,take the path n10(3 hours diff. T)
Books,Links and MapsLINKS
Meteo Valle d'Aosta
"Alpi Graie Centrali" Guida dei Monti d'Italia.
"Il Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso n3" Istituto Geografico Centrale.
-Kompass - Gran Paradiso Valle d'Aosta Sentieri e Rifugi
Carta Turistica 1:50000
-Enrico Editore Ivrea-Aosta – “Gruppo del Gran Paradiso” 1:50000
-I.G.C.-Istituto Geografico Centrale - Valsavarenche - Valle di Rhêmes - Valgrisenche
Carta dei sentieri e dei rifugi n°102 -1:25000