Figure 1 Tectonic map of Alps - (1) Europe-vergent collisional belt: i) Western (WA) and Eastern (EA) Austroalpine; ii) Penninic domain: continental and ophiolitic (o) nappes in western Alpine arc (P) and tectonic windows (otw: Ossola-Ticino, ew: Engadine, tw: Tauern, rw: Rechnitz); Prealpine klippen (Pk); iii) Helvetic-Dauphinois (H-D) domain; iv) Molasse foredeep (M); v) Jura belt (J). (2) Southern Alps (SA), bounded to the north by the Periadriatic lineament (pl). Pannonian basin (PB), European (EF) and Po Valley-Adriatic (PA) forelands, Dinaric (DI) and Apenninic (AP) thrust-and-fold belts.
Source: Giorgio V. Dal Piaz, Andrea Bistacchi, and Matteo Massironi.
Picture shows that the geographical division on Western and Eastern Alps (roughly with the line EF-PA) is not in accordance with the geological one. Also the division of Eastern Alps on Southerm, Central and Northern Alps has only a rough match in the geological foundations.
The so characteristic Southern Alps (Dolomites, Julian Alps, etc.) are not only in the Eastern part. Calcareous and dolomitic sediment rocks are stretching also far into the Western part. North of the Periadriatic Seam (pl) by a geographic classification we still have ranges of Southern Alps (for example Gailtal Alps). But geologically they belong to the Eastern Austroalpine formation. This one has a much different rock structure. On the south and on the north, its mountains are made of limestone and partly dolomite of various ages. That is why the southern sediment rock ranges are geographically attributed to the Southern Alps, and the northern sediment rock ranges of Austroalpine formation are geographically called Northern Limestone Alps (Wetterstein, Karwendel, Berchtesgaden Alps, Dachstein etc). Finally to mention in the Eastern Alps are the nappes of metamorphic cristalline rocks. The most characteristic are the Engadine window and the Tauern window. Geographically they form the Central part of the Eastern Alps, but not only them. Also east of Hohe Tauern the Austroalpine formation is made of a so-called basement rocks, which are not sedimentary. Only the Austroalpine cover has not broken, since from the Cretacious era on the central part of Alps is rising.
It is also interesting, that you can often read that the big tectonic fault of Periadriatic Lineament (pl) is the place, where African and European continent are coliding. But that is not true. Many mountain ranges, lying north of it are parts of the African plate. Actually all sediments from the Triassic period were deposited in the ancient, southern lying Thetis sea, and since then on travelled towards the north.
Language Variety in Eastern Alps Brenta, our member in a good discussion about naming mountains in Alps wrote a nice description of this topic and agreed to copy a part of it here:
... The first people there of which we have historical records are the Raetii. There is no consensus on whether they spoke a language related to Etruscan or one of the Celtic family. Not even clear they should be considered one people. The Roman conquest was followed by colonization, which made Latin the spoken language. In the sixth century, as a result of the dissolution of the Roman central power, a kingdom of Bavaria formed, which included the region now known as Alto Adige/Suedtirol. The border was a line that was easy to defend. German-speaking people moved in, and the few surviving speakers of Latin retired to out-of-the-way valleys developing, over time, what is now Ladin. The ethnic and linguistic makeups of the region haven't shifted much since then, as far as I can gather, in spite of the many political changes. ...
The More Remote History of This Page> June 5th, 2008 - Link to Livigno Alps page inserted.
> December 7th, 2007 - Link to the new page inserted: Lechquellengebirge.
> July 17th, 2007 - A few errors on the NE side corrected.
> June 2nd, 2007 - Link to the new page inserted: Gutensteiner Alpen.
> May 14th, 2007 - Links to new pages inserted: Kaisergebirge, Wienerwald.
> November 24th, 2006 - Links to new pages inserted: Tux Alps, Prealpe Venete e Trentine, Bavarian Pre-Alps, Mieming Range.
> May 20th, 2006 - Links to new pages inserted: Silvretta, Sarntal Alps, Ennstal Alps and Oetscher.
> March 28th, 2006 - Links to two new group pages inserted: Samnaun and Ferwall.
> March 18th, 2006 - Significant updates according to novelties, brought by SPv2.
> January 18th, 2006 - Links to the new pages inserted: Stubai Alps GROUP, Zillertal Alps GROUP, Monte Baldo / Altissimo.
> December 3rd, 2005 - Links to the new Grosser Ifinger page inserted.
> October 3rd, 2005 - Links to the new Stuhleck page inserted.
> September 28th, 2005 - Links to the new Birnhorn page inserted.
> August 31st, 2005 - Links to the new Ammergau Alps GROUP page inserted.
> August 30th, 2005 - Links to the new Allgaeu Alps GROUP page inserted.
> August 19th, 2005 - Linked Patscherkofel to represent the Tux Alps.
> July 23rd, 2005 - Switched the link from Sulzfluh to the new Schesaplana page to represent Raetikon.
> June 8th, 2005 - Links to the Cima Carega (Prealpi Veneti / Vicenza Alps) and Daniel (Ammergau Alps) page inserted.
> June 4th, 2005 - Link to the new Cima Carega page inserted (only in the table).
> April 18th, 2005 - Link to the new Lagorai page inserted, link on the map to the new Oetztal Alps GROUP.
> March 2nd, 2005 - Link to the new Berchtesgaden Alps GROUP page inserted.
> February 21st, 2005 - Link to the new Piz Kesch page inserted, representing Albula Alps.
> December 26th, 2004 - New map with the Gailtal Alps GROUP, links to Piz Linard, now representing Silvretta.
> December 20th, 2004 - Links to the new Gailtal Alps GROUP page inserted. Map still unchanged.
> December 1st, 2004 - A chapter about linguistic variety inserted.
> November 10th, 2004 - Links to the new Carnic Alps GROUP page inserted.
> October 21st, 2004 - Links to the new Pizzo di Coca page inserted, to represent Alpi Orobie.
> October 17th, 2004 - Link to the new Gurktal Alps / Nockberge GROUP page inserted. Map changed with links to this page and to the Lavanttal Alps GROUP page.
> October 11th, 2004 - Link to the new Lavanttal Alps GROUP inserted. Map still unchanged.
> September 3rd, 2004 - Interactive map updated with links: Grigne (Prealpi Lombarde), Arco & Val di Sarca climbing area (Lago di Garda Group), Pizzo del Diavolo di Tenda (Alpi Orobie). These respective links also added to the table.
> August 20th, 2004 - Inserted link to the new Reisskofel page, to represent Gailtal Alps. Interactive map updated with links: Reisskofel (Gailtal Alps), Koenigstuhl (Nockgebirge), Furggler (Samnaun Group).
> August 7th, 2004 - Inserted link to Furggler in table, to represent Samnaun Group (map not changed).
> June 27th, 2004 - Inserted link to Koenigstuhl in table, to represent Nockberge (map not changed).
> June 25th, 2004 - Interactive map updated (Niedere Tauern GROUP, Carnia Alps GROUP, Ortler/Ortles GROUP, Val Masino Alps GROUP, Seeboedenspitze).
> June 5th, 2004 - Link to the Niedere Tauern GROUP, map still not changed.
> June 2nd, 2004 - Interactve picture enhance (to show also mountain groups when pointing to symbols); plan for next steps.
> May 31st, 2004 - Initial set up of the page. External Links Eastern Alps
this is the official structure of Alps Klettersteige Ostalpen
Via-Ferrata.de - Klettersteigportal - Over 100 fixed rope routes. Moreover detailed information over climbing, alps, hiking and other outdoor activities. overview map
of the mountain groups of the eastern alps Steinmandl.de
Lots of tour descriptions and pictures for the northern and central eastern Alps (Wetterstein, Karwendel, Kaiser, Ötztaler, Stubaier etc.) - In German Austrian Map online
Online digital maps of Austria (OEK 50, OEK 200 and OEK 500) by the BEV (Bundesamt für Eich- und Vermessungswesen) - in German